Background: Husk scald (HS) is a physiological disorder limiting the marketability of pomegranate fruit during long-term storage. Herein we propose that HS is triggered by water loss and mediated by ABA signaling. Therefore, pomegranate fruit were stored at three different storage temperatures (3.5, 7 and 11°C) and 96.5% ± 2.3% relative humidity (RH) evaluating weight loss (WL), abscisic acid (ABA), respiration rate (RR), total phenolics (TP), total anthocyanin (TA), antioxidant activity (AA), exocarp electrolyte leakage (EL), malondialdehyde (MDA), color attributes, browning index and visual quality of fruit. Results: HS appeared after 3 months of storage at 11 °C, less at 7°C and non-present at 3.5°C. Incidence of HS occurred along with higher WL, RR, EL, MDA, and ABA content. Conversely, TP, TA and AA decreased significantly. WL increased with water vapor pressure deficit (VPD) at higher temperatures. After 93 days, 11 °C fruit reached ~10% WL while ABA increased to ~150 μg kg-1 . However, 3.5 and 7 °C fruit, reached 5 and 7% WL while ABA was ~31 and 75 μg kg-1 , respectively. Conclusion: Herein, we propose a mechanistic model of HS development where water stress induces ABA as a primary signaling molecule that triggers the HS response mediated by reactive oxygen species (ROS). Accumulation of ROS induces phenolic biosynthesis and oxidative stress promotes loss of membrane compartmentalization that induces phenolic degradation. Ultimately, husk scalding becomes visible due to the oxidation of phenolics into brown pigments. © 2022 Society of Chemical Industry.

Is pomegranate husk scald during storage induced by water loss and mediated by ABA signaling?

Maghoumi, Mahshad
;
Fatchurrahman, Danial;Amodio, Maria Luisa;Quinto, Maurizio;Colelli, Giancarlo
2022-01-01

Abstract

Background: Husk scald (HS) is a physiological disorder limiting the marketability of pomegranate fruit during long-term storage. Herein we propose that HS is triggered by water loss and mediated by ABA signaling. Therefore, pomegranate fruit were stored at three different storage temperatures (3.5, 7 and 11°C) and 96.5% ± 2.3% relative humidity (RH) evaluating weight loss (WL), abscisic acid (ABA), respiration rate (RR), total phenolics (TP), total anthocyanin (TA), antioxidant activity (AA), exocarp electrolyte leakage (EL), malondialdehyde (MDA), color attributes, browning index and visual quality of fruit. Results: HS appeared after 3 months of storage at 11 °C, less at 7°C and non-present at 3.5°C. Incidence of HS occurred along with higher WL, RR, EL, MDA, and ABA content. Conversely, TP, TA and AA decreased significantly. WL increased with water vapor pressure deficit (VPD) at higher temperatures. After 93 days, 11 °C fruit reached ~10% WL while ABA increased to ~150 μg kg-1 . However, 3.5 and 7 °C fruit, reached 5 and 7% WL while ABA was ~31 and 75 μg kg-1 , respectively. Conclusion: Herein, we propose a mechanistic model of HS development where water stress induces ABA as a primary signaling molecule that triggers the HS response mediated by reactive oxygen species (ROS). Accumulation of ROS induces phenolic biosynthesis and oxidative stress promotes loss of membrane compartmentalization that induces phenolic degradation. Ultimately, husk scalding becomes visible due to the oxidation of phenolics into brown pigments. © 2022 Society of Chemical Industry.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11369/429583
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