Small heat-shock proteins (sHSP) are ubiquitous ATP-independent chaperones that prevent irreversible aggregation of heat-damaged denaturing proteins. Lactiplantibacillus plantarum is a widespread Gram-positive bacterium with probiotic claims and vast potential for agro-food, biotechnological and biomedical applications. L. plantarum possesses a family of three sHSP, which were previously demonstrated to be involved in its stress tolerance mechanisms. Here, the three L. plantarum sHSP were heterologously expressed, purified and shown to have a chaperone activity in vitro, measuring their capacity to suppress protein aggregation, as assayed spectrophotometrically by light scattering. Their anti-aggregative capacity was found to be differently influenced by pH. Differences were also found relative to their holdase function and their capacity to modulate liposome membrane fluidity, suggesting interplays between them and indicating diversified activities. This is the first study assessing the chaperone action of sHSP from a probiotic model. The different roles of the three sHSP can increase L. plantarum's capabilities to survive the various types of stress characterising the diverse habitats of this highly adaptable species. Reported evidence supports the interest in L. plantarum as one of the model species for bacteria that have three different sHSP-encoding genes in their genomes.

Molecular chaperone function of three small heat-shock proteins from a model probiotic species

Rocchetti, Maria Teresa;Trecca, Maria Incoronata;Scrima, Rosella;Spano, Giuseppe;Russo, Pasquale;Capozzi, Vittorio;Fiocco, Daniela
2022-01-01

Abstract

Small heat-shock proteins (sHSP) are ubiquitous ATP-independent chaperones that prevent irreversible aggregation of heat-damaged denaturing proteins. Lactiplantibacillus plantarum is a widespread Gram-positive bacterium with probiotic claims and vast potential for agro-food, biotechnological and biomedical applications. L. plantarum possesses a family of three sHSP, which were previously demonstrated to be involved in its stress tolerance mechanisms. Here, the three L. plantarum sHSP were heterologously expressed, purified and shown to have a chaperone activity in vitro, measuring their capacity to suppress protein aggregation, as assayed spectrophotometrically by light scattering. Their anti-aggregative capacity was found to be differently influenced by pH. Differences were also found relative to their holdase function and their capacity to modulate liposome membrane fluidity, suggesting interplays between them and indicating diversified activities. This is the first study assessing the chaperone action of sHSP from a probiotic model. The different roles of the three sHSP can increase L. plantarum's capabilities to survive the various types of stress characterising the diverse habitats of this highly adaptable species. Reported evidence supports the interest in L. plantarum as one of the model species for bacteria that have three different sHSP-encoding genes in their genomes.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11369/424788
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