Four wild strains of Saccharomyces cerevisiae and the collection strain S. cerevisiae var. boulardii ATCC MYA-796 were used as test organisms to study the effect of some environmental conditions on the formation of biofilm by potentially probiotic yeasts. In a first step, the formation of biofilm was studied in four different media (YPD-Yeast Peptone Glucose; diluted YPD; 2% BP, a medium containing only bacteriological peptone; 2% GLC, a medium containing only glucose). Then, the dilution of YPD was combined with pH and temperature through a mixture design to assess the weight of the interaction of the variables; the experiments were done on S. boulardii and on S. cerevisiae strain 4. The dilution of nutrients generally determined an increased biofilm formation, whereas the effect of pH relied upon the strain. For S. cerevisiae strain 4, the highest level of sessile cells was found at pH 4–5, while S. boulardii experienced an enhanced biofilm formation at pH 6.0. Concerning temperature, the highest biofilm formation was found at 25–30 °C for both strains. The importance of this work lies in its extension of our knowledge of the effect of different environmental conditions on biofilm formation by potentially probiotic S. cerevisiae strains, as a better understanding of this trait could be an important screening tool into the selection of new multifunctional yeasts.
|Titolo:||Biofilm formation by potentially probiotic Saccharomyces cerevisiae strains|
BEVILACQUA, ANTONIO (Corresponding)
|Data di pubblicazione:||2020|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|