Some nonthermal technologies have gained special interest as alternative approaches to thermal treatments. High pressure homogenization (HPH) and ultrasound (US) are two of the most promising approaches. They rely upon two different modes of action, although they share some mechanisms or ways of actions (mechanic burden against cells, cavitation and micronization, primary targets being the cell wall and the membrane, temperature and pressure playing important roles for their antimicrobial potential, and their effect on cells can be either positive or negative). HPH is generally used in milk and dairy products to break lipid micelles, whereas US is used for mixing and/or to obtain active compounds of food. HPH and US have been tested on pathogens and spoilers with different effects; thus, the main goal of this article is to describe how US and HPH act on biological systems, with a focus on antimicrobial activity, mode of action, positive effects, and equipment. The article is composed of three main parts: (i) an overview of US and HPH, with a focus on some results covered by other reviews (mode of action toward microorganisms and effect on enzymes) and some new data (positive effect and modulation of metabolism); (ii) a tentative approach for a comparative resistance of microorganisms; and (iii) future perspectives.
|Titolo:||Two Nonthermal Technologies for Food Safety and Quality-Ultrasound and High Pressure Homogenization: Effects on Microorganisms, Advances, and Possibilities: A Review|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2019|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|