Background: Brugada syndrome (BrS) is an inherited primary channelopathy syndrome associated to sudden cardiac death. Overall, variants have been identified in eighteen genes encoding for ion channel subunits and seven genes for regulatory proteins. Recently, a missense variant in DLG1 has been found within a BrS phenotype-positive patient. DLG1 encodes for synapse associated protein 97 (SAP97), a protein characterized by the presence of multiple domains for protein-protein interactions including PDZ domains. In cardiomyocytes, SAP97 interacts with Nav1.5, a PDZ binding motif of SCN5A and others potassium channel subunits. Aim of the Study: To characterize the phenotype of an Italian family with BrS syndrome carrying a DLG1 variant. Methods: Clinical and genetic investigations were performed. Genetic testing was performed with whole-exome sequencing (WES) using the Illumina platform. According to the standard protocol, a variant found by WES was confirmed in all members of the family by bi-directional capillary Sanger resequencing. The effect of the variant was investigated by using in silico prediction of pathogenicity. Results: The index case was a 74-year-old man with spontaneous type 1 BrS ECG pattern that experienced syncope and underwent ICD implantation. WES of the index case, performed assuming a dominant mode of inheritance, identified a heterozygous variant, c.1556G>A (p.R519H), in the exon 15 of the DLG1 gene. In the pedigree investigation, 6 out of 12 family members had the variant. Carriers of the gene variant all had BrS ECG type 1 drug induced and showed heterogeneous cardiac phenotypes with two patients experiencing syncope during exercise and fever, respectively. The amino acid residue #519 lies near a PDZ domain and in silico analysis suggested a causal role for the variant. Modelling of the resulting protein structure predicted that the variant disrupts an H-bond and a likelihood of being pathogenic. As a consequence, it is likely that a conformational change affects protein functionality and the modulating role on ion channels. Conclusions: A DLG1 gene variant identified was associated with BrS. The variant could modify the formation of multichannel protein complexes, affecting ion channels to specific compartments in cardiomyocytes.

A Novel DLG1 Variant in a Family with Brugada Syndrome: Clinical Characteristics and In Silico Analysis

d'Apolito, Maria
;
Santacroce, Rosa;Cordisco, Giorgia;Ragnatela, Ilaria;D'Arienzo, Girolamo;Brunetti, Natale Daniele;Margaglione, Maurizio
2023-01-01

Abstract

Background: Brugada syndrome (BrS) is an inherited primary channelopathy syndrome associated to sudden cardiac death. Overall, variants have been identified in eighteen genes encoding for ion channel subunits and seven genes for regulatory proteins. Recently, a missense variant in DLG1 has been found within a BrS phenotype-positive patient. DLG1 encodes for synapse associated protein 97 (SAP97), a protein characterized by the presence of multiple domains for protein-protein interactions including PDZ domains. In cardiomyocytes, SAP97 interacts with Nav1.5, a PDZ binding motif of SCN5A and others potassium channel subunits. Aim of the Study: To characterize the phenotype of an Italian family with BrS syndrome carrying a DLG1 variant. Methods: Clinical and genetic investigations were performed. Genetic testing was performed with whole-exome sequencing (WES) using the Illumina platform. According to the standard protocol, a variant found by WES was confirmed in all members of the family by bi-directional capillary Sanger resequencing. The effect of the variant was investigated by using in silico prediction of pathogenicity. Results: The index case was a 74-year-old man with spontaneous type 1 BrS ECG pattern that experienced syncope and underwent ICD implantation. WES of the index case, performed assuming a dominant mode of inheritance, identified a heterozygous variant, c.1556G>A (p.R519H), in the exon 15 of the DLG1 gene. In the pedigree investigation, 6 out of 12 family members had the variant. Carriers of the gene variant all had BrS ECG type 1 drug induced and showed heterogeneous cardiac phenotypes with two patients experiencing syncope during exercise and fever, respectively. The amino acid residue #519 lies near a PDZ domain and in silico analysis suggested a causal role for the variant. Modelling of the resulting protein structure predicted that the variant disrupts an H-bond and a likelihood of being pathogenic. As a consequence, it is likely that a conformational change affects protein functionality and the modulating role on ion channels. Conclusions: A DLG1 gene variant identified was associated with BrS. The variant could modify the formation of multichannel protein complexes, affecting ion channels to specific compartments in cardiomyocytes.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11369/439790
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