The knowledge of biopolymer changes by extrusion is very important for a wide range of industrial applications that spreads from extruded food to biodegradable packaging. In this article, the formation of starch-lipid and lipid-protein complexes that occurred during the extrusion cooking of wheat flour with the addition of fatty acids was studied. Results showed that the highest barrel temperature (128.3 °C) promoted the formation of starch-lipid complexes in samples made up of wheat starch and wheat flour with the addition of fatty acids. The maximum formation of protein-lipid complexes (68% fatty acid bound to protein) was observed at the highest barrel temperature and water feed content (<22%). This study is a prerequisite for the optimisation of production of expanded extrudates made up of wheat flour and fatty ingredients and for the study of a biodegradable packaging based on by-product of milling wheat (and fat).

Effects of protein-lipid and starch-lipid complexes on textural characteristics of extrudates based on wheat flour with the addition of oleic acid

DE PILLI, TERESA;GIULIANI, ROMA;
2016

Abstract

The knowledge of biopolymer changes by extrusion is very important for a wide range of industrial applications that spreads from extruded food to biodegradable packaging. In this article, the formation of starch-lipid and lipid-protein complexes that occurred during the extrusion cooking of wheat flour with the addition of fatty acids was studied. Results showed that the highest barrel temperature (128.3 °C) promoted the formation of starch-lipid complexes in samples made up of wheat starch and wheat flour with the addition of fatty acids. The maximum formation of protein-lipid complexes (68% fatty acid bound to protein) was observed at the highest barrel temperature and water feed content (<22%). This study is a prerequisite for the optimisation of production of expanded extrudates made up of wheat flour and fatty ingredients and for the study of a biodegradable packaging based on by-product of milling wheat (and fat).
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11369/356942
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