Background The aim of this study was to present our new technique of immediate breast reconstruction with prepectoral Polyuretane (PU) Implants, covered with an autologous dermo-adipose flap, in skin-reducing mastectomy both for risk-reducing (prophylactic mastectomy) and therapeutic cases.Methods We performed a single-center, retrospective review of 21 patients (mean age 47 years), undergone skin-reducing mastectomy and immediate breast reconstruction with prepectoral Polyuretane (PU) Implants, covered with an autologous dermo-adipose flap, un the period January 2018-June 2021. All procedures were performed by the same surgeon.Results A total of 36 skin-reducing mastectomies (6 curative, 15 prophylactic) with one-stage prepectoral PU foam-coated implant and autologous dermo-adipose flap reconstruction were performed. All postoperative complications were collected. Quality of life (QoL) and satisfaction with reconstruction were evaluated through the BREAST-Q questionnaire, administered preoperatively and at 12 months after surgery. Independent Student's t tests were used to compare means of continuous variables and Chi-square test was used for ordinal variables. A p-value <= 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Uni- and multiple linear regression analyses were used to confirm all results. Out of 21 patients, we observed one small wound dehiscence and one partial Nipple-Areola Complex (NAC) necrosis. All cases of minor complications were managed conservatively and did not affect the quality of the final outcome. No implant loss was observed. No significant severe capsular contracture (grade III or IV) was detected at follow-up. Overall satisfaction with breasts, psychosocial, physical and sexual well-being all significantly increased, analyzing BRAST-Q data. Statistical analysis showed a significant influence of diabetes on the risk of complications.Conclusions Our experience suggests that the procedure described is effective, feasible and cost-effective. It is easier to perform compared to similar and more demanding procedure, reduces operative time, and minimizes complications related to manipulation of the pectoralis major muscle, while also contributing to the containment of costs.Moreover, it appears to be oncologically safe, provides good esthetic results with low postoperative complication rate and leads to high level of patients' satisfaction.

Immediate Breast Reconstruction in Skin-Reducing Mastectomy with Prepectoral Polyuretane (Pu) Implant Covered with an Autologous Dermo-Adipose Flap

Lembo, Fedele;Parisi, Domenico;Portincasa, Aurelio
2023-01-01

Abstract

Background The aim of this study was to present our new technique of immediate breast reconstruction with prepectoral Polyuretane (PU) Implants, covered with an autologous dermo-adipose flap, in skin-reducing mastectomy both for risk-reducing (prophylactic mastectomy) and therapeutic cases.Methods We performed a single-center, retrospective review of 21 patients (mean age 47 years), undergone skin-reducing mastectomy and immediate breast reconstruction with prepectoral Polyuretane (PU) Implants, covered with an autologous dermo-adipose flap, un the period January 2018-June 2021. All procedures were performed by the same surgeon.Results A total of 36 skin-reducing mastectomies (6 curative, 15 prophylactic) with one-stage prepectoral PU foam-coated implant and autologous dermo-adipose flap reconstruction were performed. All postoperative complications were collected. Quality of life (QoL) and satisfaction with reconstruction were evaluated through the BREAST-Q questionnaire, administered preoperatively and at 12 months after surgery. Independent Student's t tests were used to compare means of continuous variables and Chi-square test was used for ordinal variables. A p-value <= 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Uni- and multiple linear regression analyses were used to confirm all results. Out of 21 patients, we observed one small wound dehiscence and one partial Nipple-Areola Complex (NAC) necrosis. All cases of minor complications were managed conservatively and did not affect the quality of the final outcome. No implant loss was observed. No significant severe capsular contracture (grade III or IV) was detected at follow-up. Overall satisfaction with breasts, psychosocial, physical and sexual well-being all significantly increased, analyzing BRAST-Q data. Statistical analysis showed a significant influence of diabetes on the risk of complications.Conclusions Our experience suggests that the procedure described is effective, feasible and cost-effective. It is easier to perform compared to similar and more demanding procedure, reduces operative time, and minimizes complications related to manipulation of the pectoralis major muscle, while also contributing to the containment of costs.Moreover, it appears to be oncologically safe, provides good esthetic results with low postoperative complication rate and leads to high level of patients' satisfaction.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11369/430423
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 0
  • Scopus 1
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 2
social impact