Meat mimics were prepared from pea protein isolate-alginate gel via 3D printing. The texture of 3D-printed meat mimics was modified by incorporating transglutaminase (TGase) or kappa-carrageenan (kappa c) at 0.3, 0.6 or 0.9% (w/w) into printing material prior to 3D printing. Rheological properties of modified printing material were measured; results were used to support 3D printing results. Textural properties of raw and cooked meat mimics were determined and compared with those of selected animal meats, namely, pork tenderloin, chicken breast, salmon meat and Spanish mackerel. Cooking losses of meat mimics were also determined. G', G'' and tan 6 of TGase-modified material were not significantly different from those of the control. In contrast, increasing kappa c content resulted in increased G' and G''; tan 6 of all kappa c-modified samples decreased from that of the control. Addition of TGase at 0.9% into printing material increased the hardness of raw meat mimics, while kappa c at 0.9% increased hardness of cooked meat mimics. Raw meat mimics treated with 0.9% TGase exhibited texture closest to raw salmon. Texture of cooked meat mimics treated with 0.9% kappa c was closest to that of cooked salmon. TGase-treated meat mimics tended to experience lower cooking losses, while kappa c-treated meat mimics exhibited an opposite trend.

Effects of Texture Modifiers on Physicochemical Properties of 3D-Printed Meat Mimics from Pea Protein Isolate-Alginate Gel Mixture

Derossi, Antonio;Caporizzi, Rossella;
2022-01-01

Abstract

Meat mimics were prepared from pea protein isolate-alginate gel via 3D printing. The texture of 3D-printed meat mimics was modified by incorporating transglutaminase (TGase) or kappa-carrageenan (kappa c) at 0.3, 0.6 or 0.9% (w/w) into printing material prior to 3D printing. Rheological properties of modified printing material were measured; results were used to support 3D printing results. Textural properties of raw and cooked meat mimics were determined and compared with those of selected animal meats, namely, pork tenderloin, chicken breast, salmon meat and Spanish mackerel. Cooking losses of meat mimics were also determined. G', G'' and tan 6 of TGase-modified material were not significantly different from those of the control. In contrast, increasing kappa c content resulted in increased G' and G''; tan 6 of all kappa c-modified samples decreased from that of the control. Addition of TGase at 0.9% into printing material increased the hardness of raw meat mimics, while kappa c at 0.9% increased hardness of cooked meat mimics. Raw meat mimics treated with 0.9% TGase exhibited texture closest to raw salmon. Texture of cooked meat mimics treated with 0.9% kappa c was closest to that of cooked salmon. TGase-treated meat mimics tended to experience lower cooking losses, while kappa c-treated meat mimics exhibited an opposite trend.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11369/429503
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