Cardiac remodelling is an adverse phenomenon linked to heart failure progression and an important contributor to heart failure severity. Cardiac remodelling could represent the real therapeutic goal in the treatment of patients with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction, being potentially reversed through different pharmacotherapies. Currently, there are well-established drugs such as angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors/angiotensin II receptor blockers and β-blockers with anti-remodelling effects; recently, angiotensin receptor neprilysin inhibitor effects on inhibiting cardiac remodelling (improving N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide levels, echocardiographic parameters of reverse cardiac remodelling and right ventricular function in patients with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction) were demonstrated. More recently, hemodynamic consequences of gliflozins, reduced cardiac hydrostatic pressure as a possible cause of ventricular remodelling and hypertrophy were proposed to explain potential anti-remodelling effects of gliflozins. Gliflozins exert their cardioprotective effects by attenuating myofibroblast activity and collagen-mediated remodelling. Another postulated mechanism is represented by the reduction in sympathetic activity, through the reduction in renal afferent nervous activity and the suppression of central reflex mechanisms. Benefits of gliflozins on left ventricular hypertrophy, dilation, and systolic and diastolic function were also described. In this review, we aimed to provide a wide overview on cardiac remodelling with a particular focus on possible anti-remodelling effects of angiotensin receptor neprilysin inhibitors and gliflozins.

Pharmacological Anti-Remodelling Effects of Disease-Modifying Drugs in Heart Failure with Reduced Ejection Fraction

Correale M.;Mazzeo P.;Tricarico L.;Croella F.;Fortunato M.;Magnesa M.;Amatruda M.;Alfieri S.;Ferrara S.;Ceci V.;Iacoviello M.;Brunetti N. D.
2022-01-01

Abstract

Cardiac remodelling is an adverse phenomenon linked to heart failure progression and an important contributor to heart failure severity. Cardiac remodelling could represent the real therapeutic goal in the treatment of patients with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction, being potentially reversed through different pharmacotherapies. Currently, there are well-established drugs such as angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors/angiotensin II receptor blockers and β-blockers with anti-remodelling effects; recently, angiotensin receptor neprilysin inhibitor effects on inhibiting cardiac remodelling (improving N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide levels, echocardiographic parameters of reverse cardiac remodelling and right ventricular function in patients with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction) were demonstrated. More recently, hemodynamic consequences of gliflozins, reduced cardiac hydrostatic pressure as a possible cause of ventricular remodelling and hypertrophy were proposed to explain potential anti-remodelling effects of gliflozins. Gliflozins exert their cardioprotective effects by attenuating myofibroblast activity and collagen-mediated remodelling. Another postulated mechanism is represented by the reduction in sympathetic activity, through the reduction in renal afferent nervous activity and the suppression of central reflex mechanisms. Benefits of gliflozins on left ventricular hypertrophy, dilation, and systolic and diastolic function were also described. In this review, we aimed to provide a wide overview on cardiac remodelling with a particular focus on possible anti-remodelling effects of angiotensin receptor neprilysin inhibitors and gliflozins.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11369/421537
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 0
  • Scopus 1
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 1
social impact