The disposal of ingested glucose was quantitated in dogs during individual and combined infusion of glucagon, epinephrine, and cortisol. Initial splanchnic extraction of ingested glucose, endogenous glucose production, and glucose uptake were quantitated using a double-tracer technique. Glucagon or cortisol individually had no effect on the kinetic response to glucose ingestion, whereas epinephrine increased glucose levels by 50-100 mg/dl. Epinephrine caused a reduced suppression of glucose production and a marked inhibition of the initial rise in glucose uptake. Initial splanchnic glucose extraction, plasma insulin, and glucagon were not significantly altered. The addition of glucagon and cortisol to epinephrine did not accentuate hyperglycemia, except after 150 min when glucose production increased. We conclude that a) epinephrine produces glucose intolerance when infused individually, b) this effect is primarily dependent on inhibition of glucose uptake and, to a lesser extent, on a reduction in suppression of endogenous glucose output, and c) addition of glucagon and cortisol has only a minor effect on epinephrine-induced changes in glucose disposal. Our data suggest an important role of epinephrine in stress-induced glucose intolerance.
|Titolo:||Effect of counterregulatory hormones on kinetic response to ingested glucose in dogs.|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1981|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|