The objective of the study was to determine the effects of adding flaxseed or fish oil to the diet on the milk fatty acid profile of cows. The experiment was conducted in the summer of 2006 and involved 24 Friesian cows that were divided into 3 groups of 8 animals according to different type of fat supplementation: a traditional diet with no fat supplementation, a diet supplemented with whole flaxseed, and a diet supplemented with fish oil. Results suggested that whole flaxseed supplementation positively affects the milk fatty acid profile during summer. In particular, milk from cows receiving flaxseed supplementation showed a decrease in saturated fatty acid, an increase in monounsaturated fatty acid, and, together with the milk from fish oil-supplemented cows, an increase in polyunsaturated fatty acid content compared with milk from control cows. As expected, both fish oil and flaxseed supplementation increased the content of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids in milk fat. The increased dietary intake of C18:3 in flaxseedsupplemented cows resulted in increased levels of milk C18:1 trans-11 and increased conjugated linoleic acid C18:2 cis-9,trans-11 by Δ9-desaturase activity. Milk from flaxseed-supplemented cows together with the high conjugated linoleic acid content was characterized by low atherogenic and thrombogenic indices, suggesting that its use has less detrimental effects concerning the atherosclerosis and coronary thrombosis risk associated with the consumption of milk and dairy products. In conclusion, flaxseed supplementation improves composition and nutritional properties of milk from cows milked during times of high ambient temperature.

Flaxseed Supplementation Improves Fatty Acid Profile of Cow Milk

CAROPRESE, MARIANGELA;MARINO, ROSARIA MARIA TERESA;MUSCIO, ANTONIO;SEVI, AGOSTINO,CARMELO
2010

Abstract

The objective of the study was to determine the effects of adding flaxseed or fish oil to the diet on the milk fatty acid profile of cows. The experiment was conducted in the summer of 2006 and involved 24 Friesian cows that were divided into 3 groups of 8 animals according to different type of fat supplementation: a traditional diet with no fat supplementation, a diet supplemented with whole flaxseed, and a diet supplemented with fish oil. Results suggested that whole flaxseed supplementation positively affects the milk fatty acid profile during summer. In particular, milk from cows receiving flaxseed supplementation showed a decrease in saturated fatty acid, an increase in monounsaturated fatty acid, and, together with the milk from fish oil-supplemented cows, an increase in polyunsaturated fatty acid content compared with milk from control cows. As expected, both fish oil and flaxseed supplementation increased the content of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids in milk fat. The increased dietary intake of C18:3 in flaxseedsupplemented cows resulted in increased levels of milk C18:1 trans-11 and increased conjugated linoleic acid C18:2 cis-9,trans-11 by Δ9-desaturase activity. Milk from flaxseed-supplemented cows together with the high conjugated linoleic acid content was characterized by low atherogenic and thrombogenic indices, suggesting that its use has less detrimental effects concerning the atherosclerosis and coronary thrombosis risk associated with the consumption of milk and dairy products. In conclusion, flaxseed supplementation improves composition and nutritional properties of milk from cows milked during times of high ambient temperature.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11369/8450
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