The broad clinical implementation of cancer vaccines targeting the induction of specific T cell-mediated immunity is hampered because T cell defined tumor-associated peptides are currently available for only a restricted range of tumor types. Current epitope identification strategies require a priori the generation of T "indicator" cell lines that specifically recognize the tumor antigenic epitope in in vitro assay systems. An alternative to this strategy is the use of "memory" T cells freshly isolated from the peripheral blood of patients with cancer in concert with sensitive effector cell readout assays (such as the cytokine enzyme-linked immunospot assay) and MS to identify relevant peptide epitopes. In a model system, we have evaluated the capacity of natural Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-transformed B-lymphoblastoid cell line-extracted peptides to activate "memory" viral-specific CD4(+) or CD8(+) T cells freshly isolated from the blood of an EBV-seropositive individual using the IFN-gamma enzyme-linked immunospot assay. After HPLC fractionation and loading onto autologous dendritic cells, multiple naturally processed HLA class I and II-associated lymphoblastoid cell line-derived peptides were isolated that were capable of inducing IFN-gamma spot production by "memory" T lymphocytes. Using MS analysis on a HPLC fraction recognized by CD8(+) T cells, we were able to sequence natural 9-, 10-, and 11-mer peptides naturally processed from the latent EBV antigen LMP-2 (latent membrane protein-2) and presented in the context of HLA-A2. This approach provides a useful methodology for the future identification of MHC-presented viral and tumor epitopes using freshly isolated patient materials.

Identification of naturally processed and HLA-presented Epstein-Barr virus peptides recognized by CD4(+) or CD8(+) T lymphocytes from human blood.

RANIERI, ELENA;
1999

Abstract

The broad clinical implementation of cancer vaccines targeting the induction of specific T cell-mediated immunity is hampered because T cell defined tumor-associated peptides are currently available for only a restricted range of tumor types. Current epitope identification strategies require a priori the generation of T "indicator" cell lines that specifically recognize the tumor antigenic epitope in in vitro assay systems. An alternative to this strategy is the use of "memory" T cells freshly isolated from the peripheral blood of patients with cancer in concert with sensitive effector cell readout assays (such as the cytokine enzyme-linked immunospot assay) and MS to identify relevant peptide epitopes. In a model system, we have evaluated the capacity of natural Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-transformed B-lymphoblastoid cell line-extracted peptides to activate "memory" viral-specific CD4(+) or CD8(+) T cells freshly isolated from the blood of an EBV-seropositive individual using the IFN-gamma enzyme-linked immunospot assay. After HPLC fractionation and loading onto autologous dendritic cells, multiple naturally processed HLA class I and II-associated lymphoblastoid cell line-derived peptides were isolated that were capable of inducing IFN-gamma spot production by "memory" T lymphocytes. Using MS analysis on a HPLC fraction recognized by CD8(+) T cells, we were able to sequence natural 9-, 10-, and 11-mer peptides naturally processed from the latent EBV antigen LMP-2 (latent membrane protein-2) and presented in the context of HLA-A2. This approach provides a useful methodology for the future identification of MHC-presented viral and tumor epitopes using freshly isolated patient materials.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11369/8096
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