Early phases of Parkinson's disease (PD) are characterized by a mild reduction of dopamine (DA) in striatum and by emergence of psychiatric disturbances that precede overt motor symptoms. in order to characterize the neurochemical re-arrangements induced by such striatal impairment, we used a mouse model in which a low dose of 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) was bilaterally injected into the dorsal striatum. These mice showed a DA reduction of about 40% that remained stable up to 12 weeks after injection. This reduction was accompanied by changes in DA metabolite levels, such as HVA, transiently reduced at 4 weeks, and DOPAC, decreased at 12 weeks. No change in the 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) levels was found but the 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA)/5-HT ratio was increased at 4 weeks. In addition, at the same time-point, the levels of 15-F(2t)-IsoP, an index of oxidative stress, and of PGE2, a major product of cyclooxygenase-2, were decreased in different brain areas while BDNF levels were increased. These neurochemical changes were accompanied by altered behavioral responses concerning the emotional reactivity. Overall, the present findings suggest that a change of 5-HT metabolism and a modification of oxidative stress levels may play a role in the early PD degeneration phases.

Striatal 6-Ohda Lesion In Mice: Investigating Early Neurochemical Changes Underlying Parkinson's Disease

MORGESE, MARIA GRAZIA;CASSANO, TOMMASO;
2010

Abstract

Early phases of Parkinson's disease (PD) are characterized by a mild reduction of dopamine (DA) in striatum and by emergence of psychiatric disturbances that precede overt motor symptoms. in order to characterize the neurochemical re-arrangements induced by such striatal impairment, we used a mouse model in which a low dose of 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) was bilaterally injected into the dorsal striatum. These mice showed a DA reduction of about 40% that remained stable up to 12 weeks after injection. This reduction was accompanied by changes in DA metabolite levels, such as HVA, transiently reduced at 4 weeks, and DOPAC, decreased at 12 weeks. No change in the 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) levels was found but the 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA)/5-HT ratio was increased at 4 weeks. In addition, at the same time-point, the levels of 15-F(2t)-IsoP, an index of oxidative stress, and of PGE2, a major product of cyclooxygenase-2, were decreased in different brain areas while BDNF levels were increased. These neurochemical changes were accompanied by altered behavioral responses concerning the emotional reactivity. Overall, the present findings suggest that a change of 5-HT metabolism and a modification of oxidative stress levels may play a role in the early PD degeneration phases.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11369/7779
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