In the treatment and prevention of osteoporosis and more generally of neoplastic and metabolic pathologies affecting bone tissues, antiresorption drugs such as bisphosphonates and monoclonal antibody are used. Bisphosphonates have been linked to cases of osteonecrosis of the jaws since 2003 by Marx, with more and more evidence over the next two decades; together with bisphosphonate drugs, cases relating to the use of monoclonal drugs have been subsequently added. Among the main independent risk factors, we have extraction procedures in oral surgery that can affect both the mandible and the maxilla and the anterior or posterior sectors. The incidence of MRONJ treated with oral bisphosphonates ranges from 0.5% to 3% according to studies; this incidence would appear to be higher in patients treated with antiresorptive agents with neoplastic diseases. Many pathologies including those in which antiresorptive drugs are used show differences in prevalence in relation to sex; similarly, there could be differences in the incidence of cases of osteonecrosis based on gender in patients undergoing dentoalveolar surgery. Therefore, the objective of this systematic review and trial sequential analysis was to identify and quantify whether there is a proportionally greater risk of MRONJ in male or female subjects and whether there is evidence of greater involvement of osteonecrosis at several extraction sites, differentiating them into mandibular or maxilla and in the anterior or posterior sector. The revision protocol followed the indications of the Cochrane Handbook, and were recorded in Prospero, while the drafting of the manuscript was based on PRISMA. The results of the systematic review, after the study identification and selection process, included a total of 24 studies. The results of the meta-analysis reports: odds ratio (random effects model): 1.476 (0.684, 3.184) between male and female; odds ratio (random effects model): 1.390 (0.801, 2.412) between mandible and maxillary, and an odds ratio value of 0.730 (0.250, 2.137) between the anterior and posterior extraction sites. In conclusion, we can see that there was a trend in the onset of MRONJ as a complication of dentoalveolar surgical procedures, which proportionally mostly involved the male sex and the posterior mandibular sectors, however, this trend must be further confirmed by additional studies.

Location and Gender Differences in Osteonecrosis of the Jaws in Patients Treated with Antiresorptive and Antineoplastic Drugs Undergoing Dentoalveolar Surgical, Systematic Review with Meta-Analysis and Trial Sequential Analysis

Dioguardi, Mario;Spirito, Francesca;Crincoli, Vito;Ballini, Andrea;Lo Muzio, Lorenzo
2023-01-01

Abstract

In the treatment and prevention of osteoporosis and more generally of neoplastic and metabolic pathologies affecting bone tissues, antiresorption drugs such as bisphosphonates and monoclonal antibody are used. Bisphosphonates have been linked to cases of osteonecrosis of the jaws since 2003 by Marx, with more and more evidence over the next two decades; together with bisphosphonate drugs, cases relating to the use of monoclonal drugs have been subsequently added. Among the main independent risk factors, we have extraction procedures in oral surgery that can affect both the mandible and the maxilla and the anterior or posterior sectors. The incidence of MRONJ treated with oral bisphosphonates ranges from 0.5% to 3% according to studies; this incidence would appear to be higher in patients treated with antiresorptive agents with neoplastic diseases. Many pathologies including those in which antiresorptive drugs are used show differences in prevalence in relation to sex; similarly, there could be differences in the incidence of cases of osteonecrosis based on gender in patients undergoing dentoalveolar surgery. Therefore, the objective of this systematic review and trial sequential analysis was to identify and quantify whether there is a proportionally greater risk of MRONJ in male or female subjects and whether there is evidence of greater involvement of osteonecrosis at several extraction sites, differentiating them into mandibular or maxilla and in the anterior or posterior sector. The revision protocol followed the indications of the Cochrane Handbook, and were recorded in Prospero, while the drafting of the manuscript was based on PRISMA. The results of the systematic review, after the study identification and selection process, included a total of 24 studies. The results of the meta-analysis reports: odds ratio (random effects model): 1.476 (0.684, 3.184) between male and female; odds ratio (random effects model): 1.390 (0.801, 2.412) between mandible and maxillary, and an odds ratio value of 0.730 (0.250, 2.137) between the anterior and posterior extraction sites. In conclusion, we can see that there was a trend in the onset of MRONJ as a complication of dentoalveolar surgical procedures, which proportionally mostly involved the male sex and the posterior mandibular sectors, however, this trend must be further confirmed by additional studies.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11369/448070
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