Introduction: There is still a debate for the link between obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) and cancer. The mechanisms underlying this causality are poorly understood. Several miRNAs are involved in cancer development and progression with expression being influenced by hypoxia. The aims of this work were (i) to compare miRNAs expression in controls versus patients affected by OSA without or with cancer (ONCO-OSA) and (ii) in colorectal cancer cells exposed to intermittent hypoxia (IH), to evaluate miRNAs impact on tumor progression in vitro. Methods: We detected miRNAs by qRT-PCR in patients' sera and in CaCo2 cells exposed to 2-32h of IH with or without acriflavine (ACF), a HIF-1 inhibitor. Viability and transwell invasion test were applied to investigate the proliferation and migration of CaCo2 exposed to IH and treated with miRNA inhibitors or acriflavine. HIF-1α activity was evaluated in CaCo2 cells after IH. Results: The levels of miR-21, miR-26a and miR-210 increased in OSA and ONCO-OSA patients compared to controls. MiR-23b increased in ONCO-OSA patients, and miR-27b and miR-145 increased in OSA but not ONCO-OSA patients. MiR-21, miR-26a, miR-23b and miR-210 increased in cells after IH. IH stimulated cell proliferation and migration. This effect was reduced after either miRNA inhibition or acriflavine treatment. MiRNA inhibition reduces HIF-1α gene expression. Conversely, acriflavine reduced the expression of these miRNAs. Conclusions: We identified a signature of miRNAs, induced by the IH environment. They could be implicated in cancer development and progression through a regulatory loop involving HIF-1.

Intermittent Hypoxia Mediates Cancer Development and Progression Through HIF-1 and miRNA Regulation

Moriondo, Giorgia;Soccio, Piera;Scioscia, Giulia;Tondo, Pasquale;Foschino Barbaro, Maria Pia;Lacedonia, Donato
2023-01-01

Abstract

Introduction: There is still a debate for the link between obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) and cancer. The mechanisms underlying this causality are poorly understood. Several miRNAs are involved in cancer development and progression with expression being influenced by hypoxia. The aims of this work were (i) to compare miRNAs expression in controls versus patients affected by OSA without or with cancer (ONCO-OSA) and (ii) in colorectal cancer cells exposed to intermittent hypoxia (IH), to evaluate miRNAs impact on tumor progression in vitro. Methods: We detected miRNAs by qRT-PCR in patients' sera and in CaCo2 cells exposed to 2-32h of IH with or without acriflavine (ACF), a HIF-1 inhibitor. Viability and transwell invasion test were applied to investigate the proliferation and migration of CaCo2 exposed to IH and treated with miRNA inhibitors or acriflavine. HIF-1α activity was evaluated in CaCo2 cells after IH. Results: The levels of miR-21, miR-26a and miR-210 increased in OSA and ONCO-OSA patients compared to controls. MiR-23b increased in ONCO-OSA patients, and miR-27b and miR-145 increased in OSA but not ONCO-OSA patients. MiR-21, miR-26a, miR-23b and miR-210 increased in cells after IH. IH stimulated cell proliferation and migration. This effect was reduced after either miRNA inhibition or acriflavine treatment. MiRNA inhibition reduces HIF-1α gene expression. Conversely, acriflavine reduced the expression of these miRNAs. Conclusions: We identified a signature of miRNAs, induced by the IH environment. They could be implicated in cancer development and progression through a regulatory loop involving HIF-1.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11369/446038
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