Severe asthma (SA) is a chronic inflammatory disease of the airways. Due to the extreme heterogeneity of symptoms, new biomarkers are currently needed. MiRNAs are non-coding RNAs that negatively regulate gene expression at the post-transcriptional level. In biological fluids, miRNAs are contained within exosomes, vesicles capable of giving miRNAs considerable stability and resistance to degradation by RNAses. The main function attributed to the exosomes is intercellular communication. The goal of our study was to analyze intracellular and exosomal miRNAs in order to demonstrate their potential use as non-invasive biomarkers of asthma by showing, in particular, their role in SA. We detected miRNAs by qRT-PCR in both serum and serum-derived-exosomes of asthmatic patients and healthy controls. The levels of almost all analyzed intracellular miRNAs (miR-21, miR-223, and let-7a) were greater in asthmatic patients vs. healthy control, except for miR-223. In detail, miR-21 was greater in SA, while let-7a increased in mild-to-moderate asthma. On the other hand, in exosomes, all analyzed miRNAs were higher in SA. This study identified a series of miRNAs involved in SA, highlighting their potential role in asthma development and progression. These results need validation on a larger cohort.

MiRNA and Exosomal miRNA as New Biomarkers Useful to Phenotyping Severe Asthma

Soccio, Piera
;
Moriondo, Giorgia;Lacedonia, Donato;Tondo, Pasquale;Pescatore, Dalila;Quarato, Carla Maria Irene;Foschino Barbaro, Maria Pia;Scioscia, Giulia
2023-01-01

Abstract

Severe asthma (SA) is a chronic inflammatory disease of the airways. Due to the extreme heterogeneity of symptoms, new biomarkers are currently needed. MiRNAs are non-coding RNAs that negatively regulate gene expression at the post-transcriptional level. In biological fluids, miRNAs are contained within exosomes, vesicles capable of giving miRNAs considerable stability and resistance to degradation by RNAses. The main function attributed to the exosomes is intercellular communication. The goal of our study was to analyze intracellular and exosomal miRNAs in order to demonstrate their potential use as non-invasive biomarkers of asthma by showing, in particular, their role in SA. We detected miRNAs by qRT-PCR in both serum and serum-derived-exosomes of asthmatic patients and healthy controls. The levels of almost all analyzed intracellular miRNAs (miR-21, miR-223, and let-7a) were greater in asthmatic patients vs. healthy control, except for miR-223. In detail, miR-21 was greater in SA, while let-7a increased in mild-to-moderate asthma. On the other hand, in exosomes, all analyzed miRNAs were higher in SA. This study identified a series of miRNAs involved in SA, highlighting their potential role in asthma development and progression. These results need validation on a larger cohort.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11369/446037
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