Introduction: Obesity can lead to pelvic floor disorders, interfering with women's sexual life; Prolapse/Incontinence Sexual Questionnaire-International Urogynecology Association–Revised (PISQ-IR) is a new instrument to measure sexual life in women with pelvic floor disorders. Aims: To assess the utility of using PISQ-IR in morbidly obese women undergoing bariatric surgery and to show the improvement of bariatric surgery on sexuality. Methods: This prospective monocentric study included all women who underwent bariatric surgery from June 2016–May 2017. Sleeve gastrectomy (SG) or Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) was performed by 1 surgeon, and data were collected by 1 researcher. Demographics, medical history, number of deliveries, and type of bariatric surgery (SG or RYGB) were collected at baseline. At the 1-year follow-up consultation, postoperative complications, percentage of total body weight loss (TWL) and percentage excess weight loss were assessed. Questionnaires were given at baseline and at 1-year follow-up. Main Outcome Measures: Postoperative complications and total weight loss were measured at the 1-year follow-up. Sexual activity, using the PISQ-IR, and pelvic organ prolapse, urinary incontinence, and anal incontinence, using the urinary symptom profile and PFDI (Pelvic Floor Distress Inventory) 20, were compared before surgery and at 1-year follow-up. Results: 72 patients were included at baseline, 54 (75%) were considered for final analysis (30 RYGB and 24 SG), and 51 patients were considered for PISQ-IR. The mean preoperative body mass index was 41 ± 5.4 kg/m2, and mean age was 43 ± 11.8 years. Both procedures induced an important weight loss (mean TWL of 33%) and had a similar percentage of TWL for each procedure: 31 (15–46) for SG vs 34 (9–51) for RYGB. 9 patients (17 [6%]) became sexually active 1 year after surgery. For the sexually inactive population after 1 year, there was no differences in the PISQ-IR in the follow-up. When body mass index loss was >13 kg/m2, a higher percentage of the sexually active population improved their different scores, and there were significant results for both global quality of life and desire (P = .026 and .046). The other questionnaires showed a significant decrease in urinary incontinence symptoms (P < .001) associated with weight loss, whereas there was no difference in terms of pelvic organ prolapse or anal incontinence. Conclusion: PISQ-IR is a useful instrument to measure sexual function regarding pelvic floor disorders. Bariatric surgery improves sexual activity in obese women 1 year after surgery. Treacy PJ, Mazoyer C, Falagario U, et al. Sexual Activity After Bariatric Surgery: A Prospective Monocentric Study Using the PISQ-IR Questionnaire. J Sex Med 2019;16:1930–1937.

Sexual Activity After Bariatric Surgery: A Prospective Monocentric Study Using the PISQ-IR Questionnaire

Falagario U.;
2019-01-01

Abstract

Introduction: Obesity can lead to pelvic floor disorders, interfering with women's sexual life; Prolapse/Incontinence Sexual Questionnaire-International Urogynecology Association–Revised (PISQ-IR) is a new instrument to measure sexual life in women with pelvic floor disorders. Aims: To assess the utility of using PISQ-IR in morbidly obese women undergoing bariatric surgery and to show the improvement of bariatric surgery on sexuality. Methods: This prospective monocentric study included all women who underwent bariatric surgery from June 2016–May 2017. Sleeve gastrectomy (SG) or Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) was performed by 1 surgeon, and data were collected by 1 researcher. Demographics, medical history, number of deliveries, and type of bariatric surgery (SG or RYGB) were collected at baseline. At the 1-year follow-up consultation, postoperative complications, percentage of total body weight loss (TWL) and percentage excess weight loss were assessed. Questionnaires were given at baseline and at 1-year follow-up. Main Outcome Measures: Postoperative complications and total weight loss were measured at the 1-year follow-up. Sexual activity, using the PISQ-IR, and pelvic organ prolapse, urinary incontinence, and anal incontinence, using the urinary symptom profile and PFDI (Pelvic Floor Distress Inventory) 20, were compared before surgery and at 1-year follow-up. Results: 72 patients were included at baseline, 54 (75%) were considered for final analysis (30 RYGB and 24 SG), and 51 patients were considered for PISQ-IR. The mean preoperative body mass index was 41 ± 5.4 kg/m2, and mean age was 43 ± 11.8 years. Both procedures induced an important weight loss (mean TWL of 33%) and had a similar percentage of TWL for each procedure: 31 (15–46) for SG vs 34 (9–51) for RYGB. 9 patients (17 [6%]) became sexually active 1 year after surgery. For the sexually inactive population after 1 year, there was no differences in the PISQ-IR in the follow-up. When body mass index loss was >13 kg/m2, a higher percentage of the sexually active population improved their different scores, and there were significant results for both global quality of life and desire (P = .026 and .046). The other questionnaires showed a significant decrease in urinary incontinence symptoms (P < .001) associated with weight loss, whereas there was no difference in terms of pelvic organ prolapse or anal incontinence. Conclusion: PISQ-IR is a useful instrument to measure sexual function regarding pelvic floor disorders. Bariatric surgery improves sexual activity in obese women 1 year after surgery. Treacy PJ, Mazoyer C, Falagario U, et al. Sexual Activity After Bariatric Surgery: A Prospective Monocentric Study Using the PISQ-IR Questionnaire. J Sex Med 2019;16:1930–1937.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11369/445559
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