Purpose: We aimed to develop and externally validate a nomogram based on MRI volumetric parameters and clinical information for deciding when SBx should be performed in addition to TBx in man with suspicious prostate MRI. Materials and methods: Retrospective analyses of single (IMPROD, NCT01864135) and multi-institution (MULTI-IMPROD, NCT02241122) clinical trials. All men underwent a unique rapid biparametric magnetic resonance imaging (IMPROD bpMRI) consisting of T2-weighted imaging and three separate DWI acquisitions. Men with IMPROD bpMRI Likert scores of 3–5 were included. Logistic regression models were developed using IMPROD trial (n = 122) and validated using MULTI-IMPROD trial (n = 262) data. The model’s performance was evaluated in the terms of PCa detection with Gleason Grade Group 1 (clinically insignificant prostate cancer, iPCa) and > 1 (clinically significant prostate cancer, csPCa). Net benefits and decision curve analyses (DCA) were compared. Combined biopsies were used for reference. Results: The developed nomogram included age, PSA, prostate volume, MRI suspicion score (IMPROD bpMRI Likert or PIRADsv2.1 score), MRI-suspicion lesion volume percentage, and lesion location. All these variables were significant predictors of csPCa in SBx in multivariable analysis. In the validation cohort (n = 262) using different nomogram cutoffs, 19–43% of men would have avoided SBx while missing 1–4% of csPCa and avoiding detection of 9–20% of iPCa. Similar performance was found for nomograms using IMPROD bpMRI Likert score or v2.1. Conclusions: The developed nomogram demonstrated potential to select men with a clinical suspicion of PCa who would benefit from performing SBx in addition to TBx. Public access to the nomogram is provided at:https://petiv.utu.fi/multiimprod/.

Added value of systematic biopsy in men with a clinical suspicion of prostate cancer undergoing biparametric MRI-targeted biopsy: multi-institutional external validation study

Falagario U.;Carrieri G.;
2020-01-01

Abstract

Purpose: We aimed to develop and externally validate a nomogram based on MRI volumetric parameters and clinical information for deciding when SBx should be performed in addition to TBx in man with suspicious prostate MRI. Materials and methods: Retrospective analyses of single (IMPROD, NCT01864135) and multi-institution (MULTI-IMPROD, NCT02241122) clinical trials. All men underwent a unique rapid biparametric magnetic resonance imaging (IMPROD bpMRI) consisting of T2-weighted imaging and three separate DWI acquisitions. Men with IMPROD bpMRI Likert scores of 3–5 were included. Logistic regression models were developed using IMPROD trial (n = 122) and validated using MULTI-IMPROD trial (n = 262) data. The model’s performance was evaluated in the terms of PCa detection with Gleason Grade Group 1 (clinically insignificant prostate cancer, iPCa) and > 1 (clinically significant prostate cancer, csPCa). Net benefits and decision curve analyses (DCA) were compared. Combined biopsies were used for reference. Results: The developed nomogram included age, PSA, prostate volume, MRI suspicion score (IMPROD bpMRI Likert or PIRADsv2.1 score), MRI-suspicion lesion volume percentage, and lesion location. All these variables were significant predictors of csPCa in SBx in multivariable analysis. In the validation cohort (n = 262) using different nomogram cutoffs, 19–43% of men would have avoided SBx while missing 1–4% of csPCa and avoiding detection of 9–20% of iPCa. Similar performance was found for nomograms using IMPROD bpMRI Likert score or v2.1. Conclusions: The developed nomogram demonstrated potential to select men with a clinical suspicion of PCa who would benefit from performing SBx in addition to TBx. Public access to the nomogram is provided at:https://petiv.utu.fi/multiimprod/.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11369/445557
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