Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is the most common form of kidney cancer with 403,262 diagnoses and 170,000 deaths worldwide in 2018. Although partial or radical nephrectomy can be considered a successful treatment in early-stage or localized RCC, in advanced-stage disease, there is a high risk of metastasis or recurrence with a significantly poorer prognosis. Metastatic RCC is generally resistant to both chemotherapy and radiotherapy, and, despite several novel therapeutic agents, disease progression and mortality rates remain high. It is necessary to identify new diagnostic and therapeutic strategies for the management of this cancer. Knowledge of microRNA (miRNA) has consistently increased in the last year. miRNAs play an important role in several biological processes, such as cell proliferation, differentiation, and cell death. Due to this, miRNAs have been identified as an important key in different diseases, especially in cancer, and several studies show miRNAs as attractive tools and targets for novel therapeutic approaches. Recently several miRNAs (including miR-22, miR-203, miR-301 and miR-193a-3p) have been linked to dysregulated molecular pathways involved with the proliferation of cancerous cells and resistance to therapeutic agents. In the present study, recent data from studies assessing the application of miRNAs as biomarkers, therapeutic targets, or modulators of response to treatment modalities in RCC patients are analyzed.

The Role of miRNA in the Management of Localized and Advanced Renal Masses, a Narrative Review of the Literature

Falagario U.;
2023-01-01

Abstract

Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is the most common form of kidney cancer with 403,262 diagnoses and 170,000 deaths worldwide in 2018. Although partial or radical nephrectomy can be considered a successful treatment in early-stage or localized RCC, in advanced-stage disease, there is a high risk of metastasis or recurrence with a significantly poorer prognosis. Metastatic RCC is generally resistant to both chemotherapy and radiotherapy, and, despite several novel therapeutic agents, disease progression and mortality rates remain high. It is necessary to identify new diagnostic and therapeutic strategies for the management of this cancer. Knowledge of microRNA (miRNA) has consistently increased in the last year. miRNAs play an important role in several biological processes, such as cell proliferation, differentiation, and cell death. Due to this, miRNAs have been identified as an important key in different diseases, especially in cancer, and several studies show miRNAs as attractive tools and targets for novel therapeutic approaches. Recently several miRNAs (including miR-22, miR-203, miR-301 and miR-193a-3p) have been linked to dysregulated molecular pathways involved with the proliferation of cancerous cells and resistance to therapeutic agents. In the present study, recent data from studies assessing the application of miRNAs as biomarkers, therapeutic targets, or modulators of response to treatment modalities in RCC patients are analyzed.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11369/445553
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