In this work, an untargeted screening of the volatile profile of X-ray irradiated mozzarella cheese was carried out to study the possible radio-induced modifications. A Central Composite Design (CCD) for Response Surface Methodology (RSM) was employed to optimise the HS-SPME analysis of volatile organic compounds (VOCs). The optimised HS-SPME conditions, in terms of sample amount (5.0 g), extraction temperature (50 degrees C) and extraction time (75 min), were used to analyse non-irradiated and irradiated samples at three dose levels, 1.0, 2.0, 3.0 kGy. Partial Least Squares-Discriminant Analysis (PLS-DA) and Linear Discriminant Analysis (LDA) were applied to explore the variation of volatile profile with respect to the X-ray irradiation treatment. Both methods highlighted a high discriminant capability with excellent values of accuracy, specificity and sensitivity, demonstrating the effectiveness of the volatolomic approach to evaluate the variations induced by the treatment and allowing to select a total of 35 VOCs as potential irradiation markers.

Volatolomic approach by HS-SPME/GC-MS and chemometric evaluations for the discrimination of X-ray irradiated mozzarella cheese

Centonze, Diego;Palermo, Carmen
2023-01-01

Abstract

In this work, an untargeted screening of the volatile profile of X-ray irradiated mozzarella cheese was carried out to study the possible radio-induced modifications. A Central Composite Design (CCD) for Response Surface Methodology (RSM) was employed to optimise the HS-SPME analysis of volatile organic compounds (VOCs). The optimised HS-SPME conditions, in terms of sample amount (5.0 g), extraction temperature (50 degrees C) and extraction time (75 min), were used to analyse non-irradiated and irradiated samples at three dose levels, 1.0, 2.0, 3.0 kGy. Partial Least Squares-Discriminant Analysis (PLS-DA) and Linear Discriminant Analysis (LDA) were applied to explore the variation of volatile profile with respect to the X-ray irradiation treatment. Both methods highlighted a high discriminant capability with excellent values of accuracy, specificity and sensitivity, demonstrating the effectiveness of the volatolomic approach to evaluate the variations induced by the treatment and allowing to select a total of 35 VOCs as potential irradiation markers.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11369/445213
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