Background: Peyronie's disease affects up to 9% of men and is often accompanied by pain and/or erectile dysfunction. It is characterized by an inflammatory process that is the grassroots of the subsequent fibrosis stage. There is an unmet need to evaluate its onset and progression. Among the newly proposed biomarkers of inflammation, authors developed a novel systemic immune-inflammation index (SII) based on lymphocyte, neutrophil, and platelet counts. Similarly, a recent study reported that a neutrophil-to-eosinophil ratio (NER) represents systemic inflammation. Results: A 49-patient group with Peyronie's disease as confronted with 50 well-matched for age and BMI controls. As laboratory evaluation of inflammation, SII, NER and the eosinophil to neutrophil ratio (ENR) were studied. As a likely risk factor for the presence of Peyronie's disease, a higher prevalence of hypercholesterolemia, hyperglycemia and hypertension was discovered in the patients compared to controls. A significant difference was found in the median values of the NER between the two selected groups, i.e., 32.5 versus 17.3 (p = 0.0021). As expected, also ENR was significantly different. The receiver operating characteristic curves for SII, ENR and NER were 0.55, 0.32 and 0.67, respectively, highlighting the best performance of NER. The cut-off for NER was 12.1, according to the Youden test. Conclusions: According to our results, any evaluation of circulating eosinophil, evaluated as NER, beyond being a signature of immuno-inflammatory response, help assess tissue homeostasis, since eosinophils are now considered multifunctional leukocytes and give a picture of the inflammatory process and repair process belonging to Peyronie's disease.

Which inflammatory marker, between systemic immune-inflammation index and neutrophil to eosinophil ratio, is associated with Peyronie's disease and are there any implications for a better understanding of its mechanisms?

Busetto GM;
2023-01-01

Abstract

Background: Peyronie's disease affects up to 9% of men and is often accompanied by pain and/or erectile dysfunction. It is characterized by an inflammatory process that is the grassroots of the subsequent fibrosis stage. There is an unmet need to evaluate its onset and progression. Among the newly proposed biomarkers of inflammation, authors developed a novel systemic immune-inflammation index (SII) based on lymphocyte, neutrophil, and platelet counts. Similarly, a recent study reported that a neutrophil-to-eosinophil ratio (NER) represents systemic inflammation. Results: A 49-patient group with Peyronie's disease as confronted with 50 well-matched for age and BMI controls. As laboratory evaluation of inflammation, SII, NER and the eosinophil to neutrophil ratio (ENR) were studied. As a likely risk factor for the presence of Peyronie's disease, a higher prevalence of hypercholesterolemia, hyperglycemia and hypertension was discovered in the patients compared to controls. A significant difference was found in the median values of the NER between the two selected groups, i.e., 32.5 versus 17.3 (p = 0.0021). As expected, also ENR was significantly different. The receiver operating characteristic curves for SII, ENR and NER were 0.55, 0.32 and 0.67, respectively, highlighting the best performance of NER. The cut-off for NER was 12.1, according to the Youden test. Conclusions: According to our results, any evaluation of circulating eosinophil, evaluated as NER, beyond being a signature of immuno-inflammatory response, help assess tissue homeostasis, since eosinophils are now considered multifunctional leukocytes and give a picture of the inflammatory process and repair process belonging to Peyronie's disease.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11369/445118
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