Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic autoimmune disease characterized by systemic inflammation and synovitis which evolve into joint destruction and deformity. Bone abnormalities are represented by marginal bone erosions and iuxta-articular and generalized osteoporosis. Overactivation of osteoclasts along with dysregulation of osteoblasts are the key events. Bone resorption is mediated by the receptor activator of nuclear factor (NF)-κB (RANK) ligand (RANK-L), responsible for the differentiation, proliferation, and activation of osteoclasts. RANK-L binds its receptor RANK, localized on the surface of preosteoclasts and mature osteoclasts promoting osteoclastogenesis. High levels of RANK-L were demonstrated in active RA patients. Denosumab, a fully human monoclonal antibody, binds RANK-L and suppresses the RANK-RANK-L signaling pathway leading to the inhibition of osteoclastogenesis. A retrospective analysis of published studies such as clinical trials evidenced the efficacy of denosumab in preventing bone erosion progression in RA patients. Key messages Key questions to answer in future include the following: Could denosumab be associated with other biologic therapies in RA patients? Could denosumab block the progression of bone damage in RA? Could denosumab be used for the prevention of bone erosion in RA?

Role of denosumab in bone erosions in rheumatoid arthritis

Stefania S.;Mele A.;Cantatore F. P.;Corrado A.
2023-01-01

Abstract

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic autoimmune disease characterized by systemic inflammation and synovitis which evolve into joint destruction and deformity. Bone abnormalities are represented by marginal bone erosions and iuxta-articular and generalized osteoporosis. Overactivation of osteoclasts along with dysregulation of osteoblasts are the key events. Bone resorption is mediated by the receptor activator of nuclear factor (NF)-κB (RANK) ligand (RANK-L), responsible for the differentiation, proliferation, and activation of osteoclasts. RANK-L binds its receptor RANK, localized on the surface of preosteoclasts and mature osteoclasts promoting osteoclastogenesis. High levels of RANK-L were demonstrated in active RA patients. Denosumab, a fully human monoclonal antibody, binds RANK-L and suppresses the RANK-RANK-L signaling pathway leading to the inhibition of osteoclastogenesis. A retrospective analysis of published studies such as clinical trials evidenced the efficacy of denosumab in preventing bone erosion progression in RA patients. Key messages Key questions to answer in future include the following: Could denosumab be associated with other biologic therapies in RA patients? Could denosumab block the progression of bone damage in RA? Could denosumab be used for the prevention of bone erosion in RA?
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11369/443171
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