Assisted reproductive techniques (ART) allow infertile couples to conceive. Use of hormones to obtain a controlled ovarian stimulation and an adequate growth of the endometrium preparatory for embryo implantation are not riskless. Among others, thrombotic events can occur during the ovulation induction or pregnancy following ART. As the number of women approaching ART to conceive is steadily increasing, the issue of thrombotic risk in this setting is relevant. Data on the weight of each risk factor and on potential benefit of thromboprophylaxis are largely lacking. In this review, we discuss risk of venous thromboembolism during pregnancy following ART, with a focus on general (i.e.: age, body mass index, thrombophilia, bed rest, transfusions) and ART-specific (i.e., polycystic ovarian syndrome, ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome) risk factors. We also attempt to provide some suggestions to guide clinical practice, based on available data and studies performed outside ART.

The ART of Thromboprophylaxis in the Prevention of Gestational Venous Thromboembolism

Grandone, Elvira;Nappi, Luigi;
2023-01-01

Abstract

Assisted reproductive techniques (ART) allow infertile couples to conceive. Use of hormones to obtain a controlled ovarian stimulation and an adequate growth of the endometrium preparatory for embryo implantation are not riskless. Among others, thrombotic events can occur during the ovulation induction or pregnancy following ART. As the number of women approaching ART to conceive is steadily increasing, the issue of thrombotic risk in this setting is relevant. Data on the weight of each risk factor and on potential benefit of thromboprophylaxis are largely lacking. In this review, we discuss risk of venous thromboembolism during pregnancy following ART, with a focus on general (i.e.: age, body mass index, thrombophilia, bed rest, transfusions) and ART-specific (i.e., polycystic ovarian syndrome, ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome) risk factors. We also attempt to provide some suggestions to guide clinical practice, based on available data and studies performed outside ART.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11369/441169
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