Irisin is a myokine synthesized by skeletal muscle, which performs key actions on whole-body metabolism. Previous studies have hypothesized a relationship between irisin and vitamin D, but the pathway has not been thoroughly investigated. The purpose of the study was to evaluate whether vitamin D supplementation affected irisin serum levels in a cohort of 19 postmenopausal women with primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) treated with cholecalciferol for six months. In parallel, to understand the possible link between vitamin D and irisin, we analyzed the expression of the irisin precursor, Fndc5, in the C2C12 myoblast cell line treated with a biologically active form of vitamin D, 1 alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1,25(OH)2D3). Our results demonstrate that vitamin D supplementation resulted in a significant increase in irisin serum levels (p = 0.031) in PHPT patients. In vitro, we show that vitamin D treatment on myoblasts enhanced Fndc5 mRNA after 48 h (p = 0.013), while it increased mRNAs of sirtuin 1 (Sirt1) (p = 0.041) and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma coactivator 1 alpha (Pgc1 alpha) (p = 0.017) over a shorter time course. Overall, our data suggest that vitamin-D-induced modulation of Fndc5/irisin occurs through up-regulation of Sirt1, which together with Pgc1 alpha, is an important regulator of numerous metabolic processes in skeletal muscle.

Vitamin D Increases Irisin Serum Levels and the Expression of Its Precursor in Skeletal Muscle

Lorenzo Sanesi;Maria Grano;
2023-01-01

Abstract

Irisin is a myokine synthesized by skeletal muscle, which performs key actions on whole-body metabolism. Previous studies have hypothesized a relationship between irisin and vitamin D, but the pathway has not been thoroughly investigated. The purpose of the study was to evaluate whether vitamin D supplementation affected irisin serum levels in a cohort of 19 postmenopausal women with primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) treated with cholecalciferol for six months. In parallel, to understand the possible link between vitamin D and irisin, we analyzed the expression of the irisin precursor, Fndc5, in the C2C12 myoblast cell line treated with a biologically active form of vitamin D, 1 alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1,25(OH)2D3). Our results demonstrate that vitamin D supplementation resulted in a significant increase in irisin serum levels (p = 0.031) in PHPT patients. In vitro, we show that vitamin D treatment on myoblasts enhanced Fndc5 mRNA after 48 h (p = 0.013), while it increased mRNAs of sirtuin 1 (Sirt1) (p = 0.041) and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma coactivator 1 alpha (Pgc1 alpha) (p = 0.017) over a shorter time course. Overall, our data suggest that vitamin-D-induced modulation of Fndc5/irisin occurs through up-regulation of Sirt1, which together with Pgc1 alpha, is an important regulator of numerous metabolic processes in skeletal muscle.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11369/434643
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