MucR is a member of the Ros/MucR family of prokaryotic zinc-finger proteins found in the α-proteobacteria which regulate the expression of genes required for the successful pathogenic and symbiotic interactions of these bacteria with the eukaryotic hosts. The structure and function of their distinctive zinc-finger domain has been well-studied, but only recently the quaternary structure of the full length proteins was investigated demonstrating their ability to form higher-order oligomers. The aim of this study was to identify the region of MucR involved in higher-order oligomer formation by analysing deletion and point mutants of this protein by Light Scattering, and to determine the role that MucR oligomerization plays in the regulatory function of this protein. Here we demonstrate that a conserved hydrophobic region at the N-terminus of MucR is responsible for higher-order oligomer formation and that MucR oligomerization is essential for its regulatory function in Brucella. All these features of MucR are shared by the histone-like nucleoid structuring protein, (H-NS), leading us to propose that the prokaryotic zinc-finger proteins in the MucR/Ros family control gene expression employing a mechanism similar to that used by the H-NS proteins, rather than working as classical transcriptional regulators.

Identifying the region responsible for Brucella abortus MucR higher-order oligomer formation and examining its role in gene regulation

D'Abrosca G.;
2018-01-01

Abstract

MucR is a member of the Ros/MucR family of prokaryotic zinc-finger proteins found in the α-proteobacteria which regulate the expression of genes required for the successful pathogenic and symbiotic interactions of these bacteria with the eukaryotic hosts. The structure and function of their distinctive zinc-finger domain has been well-studied, but only recently the quaternary structure of the full length proteins was investigated demonstrating their ability to form higher-order oligomers. The aim of this study was to identify the region of MucR involved in higher-order oligomer formation by analysing deletion and point mutants of this protein by Light Scattering, and to determine the role that MucR oligomerization plays in the regulatory function of this protein. Here we demonstrate that a conserved hydrophobic region at the N-terminus of MucR is responsible for higher-order oligomer formation and that MucR oligomerization is essential for its regulatory function in Brucella. All these features of MucR are shared by the histone-like nucleoid structuring protein, (H-NS), leading us to propose that the prokaryotic zinc-finger proteins in the MucR/Ros family control gene expression employing a mechanism similar to that used by the H-NS proteins, rather than working as classical transcriptional regulators.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11369/433421
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