Background: The spectrum of COVID-19 clinical manifestations is not yet known. In the elderly, mortality and extrapulmonary involvement appears more frequent than expected.Methods: A multicentre-retrospective-case-series study of COVID-19 patients, aged >65 years, hospitalised between March 1 and June 15, 2020. Patients were classified at admission into 3 groups based on their Clinical Frailty Scale (CFS) score: 1-3 (group A), 4-6 (group B) and 7-9 (group C).esults: Of the 206 patients in the study, 60 (29%) were assigned to group A, 60 (29%) to B and 86 (42%) to C. Significantly more frequent in group C than in B or A were: mental confusion (respectively 65%, 33%, 7%; P < 0.001), kidney failure (39%, 22%, 20%; P = 0.019), dehydration syndrome (55%, 27%, 13%; P < 0.001), electrolyte imbalance (54%, 32%, 25%; P = 0.001), and diabetic decompensation (22%, 12%, 7%; P = 0.026). Crude mortality was 27%. By multivariate logistic regression model independent predictors of death were male sex (adjusted odds ratio (aOR) = 2.87,95%CI = 1.15-7.18), CFS 7-9 (aOR = 9.97,95%CI = 1.82-52.99), dehydration at admission (aOR = 4.27,95%CI = 1.72-10.57) and non-invasive/invasive ventilation (aOR = 4.88,95%CI = 1.94-12.26).Conclusions: Elderly patients with a high CFS showed frequent extrapulmonary signs at admission, even in the absence of lung involvement. These findings, along with a high CFS, predicted a significant risk of mortality.(c) 2021 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd on behalf of International Society for Infectious Diseases. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-ncnd/4.0/).

Peculiar clinical presentation of COVID-19 and predictors of mortality in the elderly: A multicentre retrospective cohort study

Bottalico, I F;Lo Caputo, S;Santantonio, T;Monno, L;
2021-01-01

Abstract

Background: The spectrum of COVID-19 clinical manifestations is not yet known. In the elderly, mortality and extrapulmonary involvement appears more frequent than expected.Methods: A multicentre-retrospective-case-series study of COVID-19 patients, aged >65 years, hospitalised between March 1 and June 15, 2020. Patients were classified at admission into 3 groups based on their Clinical Frailty Scale (CFS) score: 1-3 (group A), 4-6 (group B) and 7-9 (group C).esults: Of the 206 patients in the study, 60 (29%) were assigned to group A, 60 (29%) to B and 86 (42%) to C. Significantly more frequent in group C than in B or A were: mental confusion (respectively 65%, 33%, 7%; P < 0.001), kidney failure (39%, 22%, 20%; P = 0.019), dehydration syndrome (55%, 27%, 13%; P < 0.001), electrolyte imbalance (54%, 32%, 25%; P = 0.001), and diabetic decompensation (22%, 12%, 7%; P = 0.026). Crude mortality was 27%. By multivariate logistic regression model independent predictors of death were male sex (adjusted odds ratio (aOR) = 2.87,95%CI = 1.15-7.18), CFS 7-9 (aOR = 9.97,95%CI = 1.82-52.99), dehydration at admission (aOR = 4.27,95%CI = 1.72-10.57) and non-invasive/invasive ventilation (aOR = 4.88,95%CI = 1.94-12.26).Conclusions: Elderly patients with a high CFS showed frequent extrapulmonary signs at admission, even in the absence of lung involvement. These findings, along with a high CFS, predicted a significant risk of mortality.(c) 2021 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd on behalf of International Society for Infectious Diseases. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-ncnd/4.0/).
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11369/431198
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