: Universal Health Coverage (UHC) is a set of principles adopted by the World Health Organization (WHO) aimed to guarantee access to primary care for the entire world population through a range of essential health services without neglecting the diagnostic aspect. Italy is one of the signatory states, which means that diagnostic services should be appropriated and exigible throughout the national territory equally. Our research analyzed and identified the main criticalities in terms of age, territorial distribution, and technological and health appropriateness of installed Computed Tomography (CT) needed to meet the principles of UHC. Data analyzed in our study were published by Assobiomedica at the end of 2016 and by COCIR, which included and investigated the installed fleet of diagnostic equipment in the Italian sanitary system and in various European countries. The 6th point of the Alma Ata Declaration defines the concept of "primary health care", which includes the importance of the diagnostic phase in the Italian health care system to provide Essential Levels of Assistance (LEA). It is clear from our studies that the technology at the national level is not adequate to satisfy the UHC principles or the European criteria, with negative effects on the diagnostic standards and on advanced screenings. This study conducted on the installed CTs in Italy at the end of 2016 confirms the persistence of progressive aging that has been recorded for several years in the health facilities of the country and suggests incentive policies for the replacement of obsolete equipment, which represent a form of investment rather than a cost, due to the nature of the expenditure itself, one-off and amortizable over time.

Universal Access to Advanced Imaging and Healthcare Protection: UHC and Diagnostic Imaging

Gallo, Luigi;Karaboue, Michele A A;
2021-01-01

Abstract

: Universal Health Coverage (UHC) is a set of principles adopted by the World Health Organization (WHO) aimed to guarantee access to primary care for the entire world population through a range of essential health services without neglecting the diagnostic aspect. Italy is one of the signatory states, which means that diagnostic services should be appropriated and exigible throughout the national territory equally. Our research analyzed and identified the main criticalities in terms of age, territorial distribution, and technological and health appropriateness of installed Computed Tomography (CT) needed to meet the principles of UHC. Data analyzed in our study were published by Assobiomedica at the end of 2016 and by COCIR, which included and investigated the installed fleet of diagnostic equipment in the Italian sanitary system and in various European countries. The 6th point of the Alma Ata Declaration defines the concept of "primary health care", which includes the importance of the diagnostic phase in the Italian health care system to provide Essential Levels of Assistance (LEA). It is clear from our studies that the technology at the national level is not adequate to satisfy the UHC principles or the European criteria, with negative effects on the diagnostic standards and on advanced screenings. This study conducted on the installed CTs in Italy at the end of 2016 confirms the persistence of progressive aging that has been recorded for several years in the health facilities of the country and suggests incentive policies for the replacement of obsolete equipment, which represent a form of investment rather than a cost, due to the nature of the expenditure itself, one-off and amortizable over time.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11369/428022
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