Disproportionate systemic inflammation in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is associated with declining lung functions and comorbidities. Neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) have emerged as valuable markers of the systemic inflammation in COPD. Adiponectin (Acpr30) circulates in serum as complexes of different molecular weight (HMW, MMW, LMW) with multifaceted metabolic and anti-inflammatory properties implicated in airway pathophysiology. We aimed to investigate the association between Acpr30 and its oligomers and the NLR and PLR in COPD patients. Seventy stable COPD patients were enrolled. Acrp30 serum levels and the HMW oligomers as well as hematological parameters and their ratio were evaluated. Both NLR and PLR are associated with lower BMI. Interestingly, total Acpr30 is negatively associated with NLR but not with PLR; after adjusting for age, BMI and FEV1, Acpr30 was independently associated with NLR. Conversely, HMW Acpr30 and HMW/Acpr30 ratio were positively correlated to NLR. The association of Acpr30, HMW Acpr30 and HMW/totalAcpr30 ratio with NLR but not with PLR in COPD patients indicates that Acrp30 oligomerization could represent a biological mechanism interfering with systemic inflammation in COPD. Further studies in larger cohorts of patients are required to confirm these results.

Adiponectin is Associated with Neutrophils to Lymphocyte Ratio in Patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

Perrotta F.;Polito R.;Daniele A.
2020-01-01

Abstract

Disproportionate systemic inflammation in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is associated with declining lung functions and comorbidities. Neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) have emerged as valuable markers of the systemic inflammation in COPD. Adiponectin (Acpr30) circulates in serum as complexes of different molecular weight (HMW, MMW, LMW) with multifaceted metabolic and anti-inflammatory properties implicated in airway pathophysiology. We aimed to investigate the association between Acpr30 and its oligomers and the NLR and PLR in COPD patients. Seventy stable COPD patients were enrolled. Acrp30 serum levels and the HMW oligomers as well as hematological parameters and their ratio were evaluated. Both NLR and PLR are associated with lower BMI. Interestingly, total Acpr30 is negatively associated with NLR but not with PLR; after adjusting for age, BMI and FEV1, Acpr30 was independently associated with NLR. Conversely, HMW Acpr30 and HMW/Acpr30 ratio were positively correlated to NLR. The association of Acpr30, HMW Acpr30 and HMW/totalAcpr30 ratio with NLR but not with PLR in COPD patients indicates that Acrp30 oligomerization could represent a biological mechanism interfering with systemic inflammation in COPD. Further studies in larger cohorts of patients are required to confirm these results.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11369/427268
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