Background/Aim: Colorectal cancer is frequently associated with metabolic diseases. Adiponectin (APN) is an insulin-sensitizing adipokine circulating as low molecular weight (LMW), medium molecular weight (MMW) and high molecular weight (HMW) oligomers; the latter are the most bio-active oligomers. APN, through AdipoR1, AdipoR2 and Tcadherin receptors, regulates inflammation, and proliferation. Considering the anti-proliferative and anti-inflammatory properties of APN, we investigated the involvement of the "APN system" in colorectal cancer. Materials and Methods: A total of 44 colorectal cancer patients and 51 healthy controls were recruited. We analysed APN and HMW oligomers in sera, AdipoR1, AdipoR2 and T-cadherin expression in non-cancerous and cancerous colon tissues. Results: we found statistically lower levels of APN in patients compared to controls, with a specific decrease of HMW oligomers. Importantly, APN correlated to cancer grade. AdipoR1 was found overexpressed in cancerous compared to non-cancerous tissues while AdipoR2 and T-cadherin were down-regulated. Conclusion: The deregulated expression of the "APN system" in colorectal cancer with a specific correlation to tumor grade suggests APN as a promising biomarker in colorectal cancer.

Adiponectin is inversely associated with tumour grade in colorectal cancer patients

Polito R.;Daniele A.
2020-01-01

Abstract

Background/Aim: Colorectal cancer is frequently associated with metabolic diseases. Adiponectin (APN) is an insulin-sensitizing adipokine circulating as low molecular weight (LMW), medium molecular weight (MMW) and high molecular weight (HMW) oligomers; the latter are the most bio-active oligomers. APN, through AdipoR1, AdipoR2 and Tcadherin receptors, regulates inflammation, and proliferation. Considering the anti-proliferative and anti-inflammatory properties of APN, we investigated the involvement of the "APN system" in colorectal cancer. Materials and Methods: A total of 44 colorectal cancer patients and 51 healthy controls were recruited. We analysed APN and HMW oligomers in sera, AdipoR1, AdipoR2 and T-cadherin expression in non-cancerous and cancerous colon tissues. Results: we found statistically lower levels of APN in patients compared to controls, with a specific decrease of HMW oligomers. Importantly, APN correlated to cancer grade. AdipoR1 was found overexpressed in cancerous compared to non-cancerous tissues while AdipoR2 and T-cadherin were down-regulated. Conclusion: The deregulated expression of the "APN system" in colorectal cancer with a specific correlation to tumor grade suggests APN as a promising biomarker in colorectal cancer.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11369/427262
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