The renal resistance index (RRI) has been demonstrated to be a useful parameter that can detect patients at a high risk of worsening of renal function (WRF). This study was designed to evaluate the role of the RRI in predicting WRF mediated by the intravascular administration of contrast media. We enrolled patients who were referred for coronary angiography. Renal arterial echo-color Doppler was performed to calculate the RRI. WRF was defined as an increase of > 0.3 mg/dL and at least 25% of the baseline value in creatinine concentration 24–48 h after coronary angiography. Among the 148 patients enrolled in this study, 18 (12%) had WRF. In the multivariate logistic analysis, the RRI was independently associated with WRF (odds ratio [OR]: 1.22; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.09–1.36; p = 0.001). After angiography, the RRI significantly increased in both patients with and without WRF. In the receiver operating characteristic curve analyses for WRF, the RRI at baseline and after angiography showed similar accuracy, and the best cutoff value for predicting WRF was 70%. In patients undergoing coronary angiography, the RRI is independently associated with WRF, probably because it provides more accurate information about cardiorenal pathophysiological factors and reflects kidney hemodynamic status and flow reserve.

Renal resistance index independently predicts worsening of renal function after coronary angiography

Roberta Barone;Giovanni Goffredo;Vito Di Terlizzi;Gianmarco Alcidi;Erika Tabella;Antonio Centola;Giulio Campanale;Matteo Di Biase;Natale Daniele Brunetti;Massimo Iacoviello
2022

Abstract

The renal resistance index (RRI) has been demonstrated to be a useful parameter that can detect patients at a high risk of worsening of renal function (WRF). This study was designed to evaluate the role of the RRI in predicting WRF mediated by the intravascular administration of contrast media. We enrolled patients who were referred for coronary angiography. Renal arterial echo-color Doppler was performed to calculate the RRI. WRF was defined as an increase of > 0.3 mg/dL and at least 25% of the baseline value in creatinine concentration 24–48 h after coronary angiography. Among the 148 patients enrolled in this study, 18 (12%) had WRF. In the multivariate logistic analysis, the RRI was independently associated with WRF (odds ratio [OR]: 1.22; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.09–1.36; p = 0.001). After angiography, the RRI significantly increased in both patients with and without WRF. In the receiver operating characteristic curve analyses for WRF, the RRI at baseline and after angiography showed similar accuracy, and the best cutoff value for predicting WRF was 70%. In patients undergoing coronary angiography, the RRI is independently associated with WRF, probably because it provides more accurate information about cardiorenal pathophysiological factors and reflects kidney hemodynamic status and flow reserve.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11369/421807
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