INTRODUCTION- COVID-19 is a pandemic disease, mainly affecting the respiratory tract, triggering an inflammatory cascade complicated by multiorgan failure up to death. Among the tested medications for this disease, tocilizumab appears to act directly on the inflammatory cascade, improving COVID-19 outcomes. For this reason, we have tested the efficacy of tocilizumab on lung damage using chest computed tomography (CT). CASE Presentation: The study was conducted on twenty-one hospitalised COVID-19 patients between March-June 2020. Patients were divided into 2 groups according to the therapies administered (TCZ group= treatment with tocilizumab and NTZ group= other therapies). At admission, TCZ group presented worse laboratory test values, respiratory profile (PaO2/FiO2 ratio: 145.37±38.16 mmHg vs 257.9±95.3 mmHg of NTZ group, P<0.01) and radiological signs (multifocal opacity at chest-X-ray: 88% vs 23% of NTZ group, P<0.01). After performing chest CT at the clinical recovery, the scans of the 2 groups were compared and we observed that some features (e.g., ground glass opacity, consolidation and parenchymal bands) were less marked in the TCZ group. CONCLUSION- In our study, patients treated with tocilizumab presented a worse overall clinical and radiological profile at admission, but the control CT showed a similar imaging profile to patients treated with standard therapy. Based on this evidence, we may suggest that tocilizumab plays an important role in COVID-19 patients reducing lung inflammation.

Imaging profile after treatment with Tocilizumab in COVID-19: a case series

Lacedonia, Donato;Tondo, Pasquale;Scioscia, Giulia;Fuso, Paolo;De Pace, Cosimo C;Foschino Barbaro, Maria Pia
2022

Abstract

INTRODUCTION- COVID-19 is a pandemic disease, mainly affecting the respiratory tract, triggering an inflammatory cascade complicated by multiorgan failure up to death. Among the tested medications for this disease, tocilizumab appears to act directly on the inflammatory cascade, improving COVID-19 outcomes. For this reason, we have tested the efficacy of tocilizumab on lung damage using chest computed tomography (CT). CASE Presentation: The study was conducted on twenty-one hospitalised COVID-19 patients between March-June 2020. Patients were divided into 2 groups according to the therapies administered (TCZ group= treatment with tocilizumab and NTZ group= other therapies). At admission, TCZ group presented worse laboratory test values, respiratory profile (PaO2/FiO2 ratio: 145.37±38.16 mmHg vs 257.9±95.3 mmHg of NTZ group, P<0.01) and radiological signs (multifocal opacity at chest-X-ray: 88% vs 23% of NTZ group, P<0.01). After performing chest CT at the clinical recovery, the scans of the 2 groups were compared and we observed that some features (e.g., ground glass opacity, consolidation and parenchymal bands) were less marked in the TCZ group. CONCLUSION- In our study, patients treated with tocilizumab presented a worse overall clinical and radiological profile at admission, but the control CT showed a similar imaging profile to patients treated with standard therapy. Based on this evidence, we may suggest that tocilizumab plays an important role in COVID-19 patients reducing lung inflammation.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11369/421188
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