Stem cells are a promising tool for bone tissue regeneration. Dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs) can be easily obtained even in human young adults. In this study we investigated the capability of DPSCs, to express the osteoblastic phenotype when cultured with osteogenic medium. DPSCs isolated from the dental pulp of impacted third molar teeth were cultured with appropriate medium to induce osteoblast differentiation. UsingWestern-Blot, RI-PCR and microarray analysis, we studied the expression of osteoblastic parameter, and by Von Kossa staining we evaluated the production of mineralized matrix nodules. The results were compared with controls represented by undifferentiated DPSCs. DPSCs, differentiated into osteoblastlike cells, express large amount of alkaline phosphatase (ALP), collagen I (Cotl f), osteopontin (OPN) and osteocalcin (OCl$, all these parameters characterizing the osteoblastic phenotype. Differentiated DPSCs express Runx2 and JunB, a member of the AP-l complex; both the transcription factors are associated with osteoblast differentiation and skeletal morphogenesis. Moreover, DPSCs express insulin growth factor-binding protein 5 (IGFBP-S), one of the regulating proteins of IGFs function. Finally DPSCs can form mineralized matrix nodules that are a feature exclusive to osteoblasts. DPSCs could represent a potential source ofosteoblasts to be used for bone regeneration.
|Titolo:||Osteogenic properties of human dental pulp stem cells.|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2010|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|