After direct-acting antiviral (DAA) approval, a larger number of diabetic patients with chronic HCV infection have been treated. Cardiovascular risk and insulin resistance significantly change after successful clearance of HCV. Therefore, HCV therapy could potentially improve diabetes microvascular complications including nephropathy. We assessed kidney function after antiviral treatment completion in diabetic (N = 96) and non-diabetic patients (N = 187). Assessment of renal function was performed by serum creatinine and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) at baseline, at treatment completion and 12 weeks after treatment. Subgroup analysis by age, DAA regimen and eGFR stage at baseline was performed. Serum creatinine did not change significantly at any time whereas eGFR significantly improved during time in diabetic patients (baseline 83.7 ml/min/1.73 m2 vs 102.6 ml/min/1.73 m2 at 12 weeks after treatment completion; p = 0.028). Subgroup analysis showed that the improvement was observed particularly in old people with eGFR < 60 ml/min/1.73 m2. Antiviral regimens did not impact the eGFR values. Sixteen percent of diabetic patients improved their kidney function during treatment (vs 14.4% of non-diabetic patients) showing a one category change in eGFR. No acute kidney injury events were recorded in our cohort. Our study suggests that DAAs improve renal function in HCV diabetic patients with eGFR < 60 ml/min/1.73 m2 or aged ≥ 65 years independently from antiviral regimen.

Direct-acting antivirals improve kidney function in diabetic patients with HCV infection and chronic kidney disease

Villani R.;Romano A. D.;Sangineto M.;Serviddio G.
2021

Abstract

After direct-acting antiviral (DAA) approval, a larger number of diabetic patients with chronic HCV infection have been treated. Cardiovascular risk and insulin resistance significantly change after successful clearance of HCV. Therefore, HCV therapy could potentially improve diabetes microvascular complications including nephropathy. We assessed kidney function after antiviral treatment completion in diabetic (N = 96) and non-diabetic patients (N = 187). Assessment of renal function was performed by serum creatinine and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) at baseline, at treatment completion and 12 weeks after treatment. Subgroup analysis by age, DAA regimen and eGFR stage at baseline was performed. Serum creatinine did not change significantly at any time whereas eGFR significantly improved during time in diabetic patients (baseline 83.7 ml/min/1.73 m2 vs 102.6 ml/min/1.73 m2 at 12 weeks after treatment completion; p = 0.028). Subgroup analysis showed that the improvement was observed particularly in old people with eGFR < 60 ml/min/1.73 m2. Antiviral regimens did not impact the eGFR values. Sixteen percent of diabetic patients improved their kidney function during treatment (vs 14.4% of non-diabetic patients) showing a one category change in eGFR. No acute kidney injury events were recorded in our cohort. Our study suggests that DAAs improve renal function in HCV diabetic patients with eGFR < 60 ml/min/1.73 m2 or aged ≥ 65 years independently from antiviral regimen.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11369/411032
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