Background: Malignant vascular tumors (MVTs) are rare and often misdiagnosed due to wide range of clinical presentations, varied histology, and exquisite imagining features. We aim to characterize two different types of MVTs of the liver: hepatic angiosarcomas (HA) and hepatic epithelioid hemangioendotheliomas (HEHE). Methods: Data on HA and HEHE between 1975 and 2016 were extracted from the SEER database and analyzed. Results: A total of 366 patients with HA were identified where 64.2% were male and 79% of White race. The median age at diagnosis was 64 ± 16.2 years. Distant metastasis was found in 24% of patients, regional disease in 22.1%, and localized disease in 21.3%. The median overall survival for HA was 2 months. For HEHE, 120 cases were identified, 32.5% were male and 80% of White race. The median age of diagnosis was 51 ± 16.8 years. Distant metastasis was found in 37.5% of patients, regional disease in 27.5%, and localized disease in 20%. The median overall survival was 182 months. Conclusion: Patients’ demographics such as race, age, and gender may assist in elucidating distinct subtypes of MVTs. HA is an aggressive tumor despite intervention. Patients with HEHE tumors have significantly better survival compared to patients with HA. Further studies are needed to deepen our knowledge about the histopathology of these tumors, the outcomes of liver transplantation as a therapeutic alternative, and available molecular targets for MVTs.

Cancer registry study of malignant hepatic vascular tumors: hepatic angiosarcomas and hepatic epithelioid hemangioendotheliomas

Facciorusso A.;
2021

Abstract

Background: Malignant vascular tumors (MVTs) are rare and often misdiagnosed due to wide range of clinical presentations, varied histology, and exquisite imagining features. We aim to characterize two different types of MVTs of the liver: hepatic angiosarcomas (HA) and hepatic epithelioid hemangioendotheliomas (HEHE). Methods: Data on HA and HEHE between 1975 and 2016 were extracted from the SEER database and analyzed. Results: A total of 366 patients with HA were identified where 64.2% were male and 79% of White race. The median age at diagnosis was 64 ± 16.2 years. Distant metastasis was found in 24% of patients, regional disease in 22.1%, and localized disease in 21.3%. The median overall survival for HA was 2 months. For HEHE, 120 cases were identified, 32.5% were male and 80% of White race. The median age of diagnosis was 51 ± 16.8 years. Distant metastasis was found in 37.5% of patients, regional disease in 27.5%, and localized disease in 20%. The median overall survival was 182 months. Conclusion: Patients’ demographics such as race, age, and gender may assist in elucidating distinct subtypes of MVTs. HA is an aggressive tumor despite intervention. Patients with HEHE tumors have significantly better survival compared to patients with HA. Further studies are needed to deepen our knowledge about the histopathology of these tumors, the outcomes of liver transplantation as a therapeutic alternative, and available molecular targets for MVTs.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11369/409716
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 1
  • Scopus 1
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 1
social impact