In this retrospective study, we evaluated the chromogranin A (CgA) baseline value as a predictor of clinical outcome in patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) treated with abiraterone 1000 mg per day, whose disease progressed after docetaxel chemotherapy. In the 48 evaluable patients, serum CgA level was normal when <120 ng/ml (group A, n=16), within three times the upper normal value (UNV) when between 120 and 360 (group B, n=16), more than three times the UNV when ≥360 ng/ml (group C, n=16). Decline in PSA level ≥50% or more (PSA RR) was observed in 26 of 48 (54%) patients. PSA response rate did not correlate with the CgA groups. CgA levels more than three times the UNV predicted an early radiological progressive disease in eight of 11 cases (73%). The median progression-free survival (PFS) among the CgA groups A, B, and C was 9.2, 9.2, and 4.8 months respectively, P=0.0459. The median overall survival (OS) among the CgA groups was 19.0, 18.8, and 10.8 months respectively, P=0.2092. In the multivariate analysis, PSA RR (nonresponsive vs responsive) and CgA levels (group 3 vs groups 1+2) were predictors of PFS (P=0.0002 and P=0.0047 respectively), whereas PSA RR only was significantly associated with OS (P=0.0024), while CgA levels remained of borderline significance (P=0.0919). A serum CGA level more than three times the UNV predicted PFS and showed a trend vs OS prediction, independently from PSA response, in CRPC patients treated with abiraterone. © 2014 Society for Endocrinology.

Chromogranin A predicts outcome in prostate cancer patients treated with abiraterone

Conteduca V.;
2014

Abstract

In this retrospective study, we evaluated the chromogranin A (CgA) baseline value as a predictor of clinical outcome in patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) treated with abiraterone 1000 mg per day, whose disease progressed after docetaxel chemotherapy. In the 48 evaluable patients, serum CgA level was normal when <120 ng/ml (group A, n=16), within three times the upper normal value (UNV) when between 120 and 360 (group B, n=16), more than three times the UNV when ≥360 ng/ml (group C, n=16). Decline in PSA level ≥50% or more (PSA RR) was observed in 26 of 48 (54%) patients. PSA response rate did not correlate with the CgA groups. CgA levels more than three times the UNV predicted an early radiological progressive disease in eight of 11 cases (73%). The median progression-free survival (PFS) among the CgA groups A, B, and C was 9.2, 9.2, and 4.8 months respectively, P=0.0459. The median overall survival (OS) among the CgA groups was 19.0, 18.8, and 10.8 months respectively, P=0.2092. In the multivariate analysis, PSA RR (nonresponsive vs responsive) and CgA levels (group 3 vs groups 1+2) were predictors of PFS (P=0.0002 and P=0.0047 respectively), whereas PSA RR only was significantly associated with OS (P=0.0024), while CgA levels remained of borderline significance (P=0.0919). A serum CGA level more than three times the UNV predicted PFS and showed a trend vs OS prediction, independently from PSA response, in CRPC patients treated with abiraterone. © 2014 Society for Endocrinology.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11369/408068
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