In recent years, Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) micro-spectroscopy has shown promising potential in medical diagnostics at the cellular level. In fact, FTIR spectra can provide information related to DNA, protein, and lipid content and how such a content changes when a pathological state arises. Most of these information is included in the so-called fingerprint region (1000–1800 cm−1), consisting of several spectral peaks related to vibrational modes occurring inside cellular components. Unfortunately, the slides commonly used in cytology (as the glass microscopy slides and coverslips) are opaque to IR radiation in the fingerprint region, whereas they are transparent for wavenumber values larger than 2000 cm−1, where few and broad spectral absorption bands, mainly due to lipids and proteins, are present. Nonetheless, here we show that FTIR spectra performed in the high wavenumber range 2750–3000 cm−1 can be used to discriminate two different types of cells, one from a normal cell line (Human Keratinocyte, HUKE) and the other from a cancer one (SH-SY5Y). The spectra are discriminated by means of their Principal Component Analysis, according to the PC1 component, and by means of ratiometric analysis, according to the ratio of the intensity of the peak at 2956 cm−1 and that of the peak at 2924 cm−1. The PC1 score values of the HUKE are statistically different from the PC1 score values of SH-SY5Y, whereas the intensity ratio results larger for SH-SY5Y than for HUKE cells. Such results occur for different substrates over which the cells have been grown, including the thick glass slides used for cytological analysis. This result is a further step toward the application of FTIR microspectroscopy in the cytological routine diagnosis.

A comparison between FTIR spectra from HUKE and SH-SY5Y cell lines grown on different substrates

Perna G.;Capozzi V.
;
Lasalvia M.
2020-01-01

Abstract

In recent years, Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) micro-spectroscopy has shown promising potential in medical diagnostics at the cellular level. In fact, FTIR spectra can provide information related to DNA, protein, and lipid content and how such a content changes when a pathological state arises. Most of these information is included in the so-called fingerprint region (1000–1800 cm−1), consisting of several spectral peaks related to vibrational modes occurring inside cellular components. Unfortunately, the slides commonly used in cytology (as the glass microscopy slides and coverslips) are opaque to IR radiation in the fingerprint region, whereas they are transparent for wavenumber values larger than 2000 cm−1, where few and broad spectral absorption bands, mainly due to lipids and proteins, are present. Nonetheless, here we show that FTIR spectra performed in the high wavenumber range 2750–3000 cm−1 can be used to discriminate two different types of cells, one from a normal cell line (Human Keratinocyte, HUKE) and the other from a cancer one (SH-SY5Y). The spectra are discriminated by means of their Principal Component Analysis, according to the PC1 component, and by means of ratiometric analysis, according to the ratio of the intensity of the peak at 2956 cm−1 and that of the peak at 2924 cm−1. The PC1 score values of the HUKE are statistically different from the PC1 score values of SH-SY5Y, whereas the intensity ratio results larger for SH-SY5Y than for HUKE cells. Such results occur for different substrates over which the cells have been grown, including the thick glass slides used for cytological analysis. This result is a further step toward the application of FTIR microspectroscopy in the cytological routine diagnosis.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11369/400560
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