Abstract: Wood arboriculture (or forestry) experienced significant growth in Italy in the early ‘90s; this growth was favoured by the issuance of the EEC Reg. 2080/92, followed by Reg. 1257/1999. Despite the opportunity to take advantage of the abundance of land to produce timber, the timber industry in Italy is not yet developed and enhanced. The mountain economy therefore requires that we invest in the timber industry, with beneficial effects on employment. There are many factors on which to act to revive the forestry sector in Italy: - improve the supply of raw materials for industry and for the production of bio-energy; - improve product quality; - reduce the environmental impact as much as possible; and - optimize production factors and efficiency in the management of forestry companies, which are often very fragmented and small. In line with the Italian National Plan of Forestry, a pilot project was carried out, aimed at upgrading the forest-wood-energy chain in the Apulia region. The main area involved, given its strategic importance, was the Gargano Promontory, with a wooded area of over 150,000 hectares. The aim of this paper is to test the feasibility of a forest-wood-energy supply chain in the province of Foggia (Italy), involving forestry companies, and to suggest the establishment of on-site processing companies that do not currently exist. The majority of extracted wood is not transformed on site, but sold crude to be transformed elsewhere in semi-finished and/or finished products to be allocated to various sectors, including bio-energy, construction (wood for structural purposes) and tourism (light infrastructures and furniture in farmhouses, nature trails and adventure parks). This business model of local forest companies does not fully exploit synergies arising from activation of a forest-wood-energy chain and lets other territories take advantage of the benefits associated with the production and processing of high-quality timber.
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|Titolo:||Enhancement of the forest-wood-energy supply chain: the case of the Gargano Promontory (Italy)|
CAPPELLETTI, GIULIO MARIO (Corresponding)
|Data di pubblicazione:||2020|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||2.1 Contributo in volume (Capitolo o Saggio)|