We observe, in particular in the Northern countries and, specifically, in Europe, a more and more widespread and drastic landscape reshaping. Generally, it is the effect of very rapid changes in the environment and society, linked to: development strategies, policies based on utilitarian and competitive logic, privatization of public places and commons, commodification and large-scale production models. The result is that people suffer tremendous changes in their life context, misplace sense and values of their landscape, lose their territorial identity and sovereignty, that it to say the capacity to decide on own territory, although they formally continue to be the owner of their residences and lands. In the urban context, we refer to the gentrification process, landscape management projects, urban sprawl, whereas in rural areas, we mention the spread of intensive monocultures, big renewable energy plants, tourist resort. Certainly, we can read this phenomenon also referring to sea or mountain landscapes, and so on. The landscape transformation, dispossession and mystification, historically produced by the industrialization and urbanization process, are increasing at stunning speed and in a pervasive way because of the neoliberal globalization. Therefore, based on a problematic approach, we present a study focused on the process, the spatial and relational features, and the perceptive, cognitive and behavioural aspects. The aim is to propose a suitable conceptual frame in order to describe and interpret this increasing phenomenon based on four cornerstones: a rapid reshape of landscape; “indirect” grabbing acts and tools; exogenous promoters; territorial conflicts between the inhabitants and developers.
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