Background: Self-defense is legitimate both in common law and in civil law systems. Nevertheless, there remains the age-old question for the prosecutor to identify the limit between the righteous self-defense and the self-defense with excessive force. In these cases, the gathering of all evidence by a forensic multidisciplinary team is essential to provide the necessary data for the prosecutor’s evaluation. Case presentation: The case of a 55-year-old man who was killed in front of his neighbor’s house is described. The prosecutor alerted the forensic team, classifying the crime as a gunshot homicide. The neighbor immediately admitted his responsibility as self-defense. Moreover, the relatives of the victim told a different version of the story, assuring that the neighbor had killed him for futile motivations. For these reasons, the prosecutor established further investigations, such as autopsy, the K-9 unit exploration, and alerting the forensic biologist for analysis. Conclusions: This case aims to highlight the teamwork of multidisciplinary forensic expertise to solve complex cases; moreover, combining ultra-specialist forensic activities, such as the K-9 unit, it is possible to collect all the evidence to submit to the prosecutor for the formulation of judgment.

A multidisciplinary approach is mandatory to solve complex crimes: A case report

FERRARA, MICHELA;Sessa, Francesco
;
Rendine, Marcello;SPAGNOLO, LORENZO;De Simone, Stefania;Riezzo, Irene;Ricci, Pietrantonio;Pascale, Natascha;Salerno, Monica;Bertozzi, Giuseppe;
2019

Abstract

Background: Self-defense is legitimate both in common law and in civil law systems. Nevertheless, there remains the age-old question for the prosecutor to identify the limit between the righteous self-defense and the self-defense with excessive force. In these cases, the gathering of all evidence by a forensic multidisciplinary team is essential to provide the necessary data for the prosecutor’s evaluation. Case presentation: The case of a 55-year-old man who was killed in front of his neighbor’s house is described. The prosecutor alerted the forensic team, classifying the crime as a gunshot homicide. The neighbor immediately admitted his responsibility as self-defense. Moreover, the relatives of the victim told a different version of the story, assuring that the neighbor had killed him for futile motivations. For these reasons, the prosecutor established further investigations, such as autopsy, the K-9 unit exploration, and alerting the forensic biologist for analysis. Conclusions: This case aims to highlight the teamwork of multidisciplinary forensic expertise to solve complex cases; moreover, combining ultra-specialist forensic activities, such as the K-9 unit, it is possible to collect all the evidence to submit to the prosecutor for the formulation of judgment.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11369/377678
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