Bladder cancer (BC) is a major cause of mortality worldwide as it currently lacks fully reliable markers of disease outcome and effective molecular targets for therapy. Mitochondria play a key role in cell metabolism but the role of mitochondrial dysfunctions in BC has been scarcely investigated. In this review, we explored current evidence for the potential role of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) alterations (point mutations and copy number) as disease markers in BC. Some germline mtDNA mutations detectable in blood could represent a non-invasive tool to predict the risk of developing BC. MtDNA copy number and tumor specific mtDNA mutations and RNAs showed encouraging results as novel molecular markers for early detection of BC in body fluids. Moreover, mitochondrial proteins Lon protease, Mitofusin-2, and TFAM may have prognostic/predictive value and may represent potential therapeutic targets. A deeper understanding of mitochondrial dysfunctions in BC could therefore provide novel opportunities for targeted therapeutic strategies.

Mitochondrial dysfunctions in bladder cancer: Exploring their role as disease markers and potential therapeutic targets

Sanguedolce, Francesca;Calò, Giuseppe;Bufo, Pantaleo;Carrieri, Giuseppe;Cormio, Luigi
2017-01-01

Abstract

Bladder cancer (BC) is a major cause of mortality worldwide as it currently lacks fully reliable markers of disease outcome and effective molecular targets for therapy. Mitochondria play a key role in cell metabolism but the role of mitochondrial dysfunctions in BC has been scarcely investigated. In this review, we explored current evidence for the potential role of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) alterations (point mutations and copy number) as disease markers in BC. Some germline mtDNA mutations detectable in blood could represent a non-invasive tool to predict the risk of developing BC. MtDNA copy number and tumor specific mtDNA mutations and RNAs showed encouraging results as novel molecular markers for early detection of BC in body fluids. Moreover, mitochondrial proteins Lon protease, Mitofusin-2, and TFAM may have prognostic/predictive value and may represent potential therapeutic targets. A deeper understanding of mitochondrial dysfunctions in BC could therefore provide novel opportunities for targeted therapeutic strategies.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11369/371896
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 13
  • Scopus 27
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 28
social impact