This study was aimed to characterize the mitochondrial and extra-mitochondrial oxygen consuming reactions in human CD34+ hematopoietic stem cells. Cell samples were collected by apheresis following pre-conditioning by granulocyte colony-stimulating factor and isolated by anti-CD34 positive immunoselection. Polarographic analysis of the N-sensitive endogenous cell respiration revealed a low mitochondrial oxygen consumption rate. Differential absorbance spectrometry on whole cell lysate and two-dimensional blue native-PAGE analysis of mitoplast proteins confirmed a low amount of mitochondrial respiratory chain complexes thus qualifying the hematopoietic stem cell as a poor oxidative phosphorylating cell type. Confocal microscopy imaging showed, however, that the intracellular content of mitochondria was not homogeneously distributed in the CD34+ hematopoietic stem cell sample displaying a clear inverse correlation of their density with the expression of the CD34 commitment marker. About half of the endogenous oxygen consumption was extra-mitochondrial and completely inhibitable by enzymatic scavengers of reactive oxygen species and by diphenylene iodinium. By spectral analysis, flow cytometry, reverse transcriptase-PCR, immunocytochemistry, and immunoprecipitation it was shown that the extra-mitochondrial oxygen consumption was contributed by the NOX2 and NOX4 isoforms of the O2-. producer plasma membrane NAD(P)H oxidase with low constitutive activity. A model is proposed suggesting for the NAD(P)H oxidase a role of O2 sensor and/or ROS source serving as redox messengers in the activation of intracellular signaling pathways leading (or contributing) to mitochondriogenesis, cell survival, and differentiation in hematopoietic stem cells. © 2005 by The American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Inc.
|Titolo:||Characterization of mitochondrial and extra-mitochondrial oxygen consuming reactions in human hematopoietic stem cells: Novel evidence of the occurrence of NAD(P)H oxidase activity|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2005|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|