Purpose: To provide insights on the gender - performance relationship, this paper studies the impact of board gender diversity on firm performance, by taking into account the "critical mass" of women directors and their educational level. Design/methodology/approach: The hypotheses are tested on a unique dataset of 211 EU publicly listed companies in 2012 belonging to the construction industry from 28 different countries through a set of OLS regressions. Findings: The evidence shows that the "critical mass" rather than the simple presence of women has an incremental benefit on firm performance. In addition, results show that the educational level of women directors negatively affects firm performance, as it might impact the dynamics within the boardroom. Research limitations/implication: The quantitative nature of the study does not allow drawing strong inferences on behavioral processes and dynamics in and around the boardroom. Nevertheless, our study will open new research insights on exploring the educational level on board. Practical implications: Regulators and policy makers that should be aware of the influence of women as a group on firm performance and that this role is differential across industries. Originality/value: The novelty of this paper is that it investigates the role of women in a high masculine gender-specific industry and explores a still poorly understood demographic variable (i.e. the educational level) of women directors.
|Titolo:||‘Women on board: evidence from a masculine industry’|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2015|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|