Introduction: Facial growth changes the position of the jaws (in particular vertical position of the maxilla and antero-posterior position of the mandible) and may, in turn, modify the position of the tongue and the hyoid bone, thus, generating modifications of the upper airway space. In the present paper, effects on upper airway space and tongue position of a new functional appliance, the swallowing occlusal contact intercept appliance (SOCIA) have been investigated. Materials and methods: Retrospective cephaolmetric study of twenty-four children (mean age 9.46. ±. 1.60) with hyperdivergent Class II malocclusion with mandibular retrusion and atypical deglutition, was performed on radiographs taken before and after 24 months treatment with "SOCIA" appliance. The variables considered in this study, and analysed by means of a Paired t-test with a 5% level of significance, included the distance between the base of epiglottis (EB) and the tip of the tongue (TT), the distance from the tongue dorsum to EB-TT (TGH), the distance between the posterior nasal spine PNS and EB (VAL), SPAS, MAS and IAS (i.e. superior, medium and inferior pharyngeal airspace width). Results: Our findings showed a significant increase in tongue length (TT-EB) and tongue height (TGH); thus, confirming the reposition of the tongue from a lower posture to its physiological position onto the palatal spot. These modifications of the tongue posture had effects on the upper airway space. The most important modifications were observed in SPAS, with a significant 5.9. mm increase. Some increase was found also for MAS (0.83. mm) and IAS (1.1. mm) but without statistical significance. A significant increase (7.75. mm) was also found for VAL, probably as a result of the augmentation of posterior facial height. Conclusions: SOCIA appliance is capable to improve tongue position and the superior posterior airway space, and, consequently, to improve deglutition, phonation and respiratory function.

Cephalometric evaluation of tongue position and airway remodelling in children treated with swallowing occlusal contact intercept appliance (S.O.C.I.A.)

CIAVARELLA, DOMENICO
Conceptualization
;
LO RUSSO, LUCIO
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
;
Giannatempo G;CASSANO, MICHELE
Methodology
;
LAINO, LUIGI
Investigation
;
LO MUZIO, LORENZO
Writing – Review & Editing
2014

Abstract

Introduction: Facial growth changes the position of the jaws (in particular vertical position of the maxilla and antero-posterior position of the mandible) and may, in turn, modify the position of the tongue and the hyoid bone, thus, generating modifications of the upper airway space. In the present paper, effects on upper airway space and tongue position of a new functional appliance, the swallowing occlusal contact intercept appliance (SOCIA) have been investigated. Materials and methods: Retrospective cephaolmetric study of twenty-four children (mean age 9.46. ±. 1.60) with hyperdivergent Class II malocclusion with mandibular retrusion and atypical deglutition, was performed on radiographs taken before and after 24 months treatment with "SOCIA" appliance. The variables considered in this study, and analysed by means of a Paired t-test with a 5% level of significance, included the distance between the base of epiglottis (EB) and the tip of the tongue (TT), the distance from the tongue dorsum to EB-TT (TGH), the distance between the posterior nasal spine PNS and EB (VAL), SPAS, MAS and IAS (i.e. superior, medium and inferior pharyngeal airspace width). Results: Our findings showed a significant increase in tongue length (TT-EB) and tongue height (TGH); thus, confirming the reposition of the tongue from a lower posture to its physiological position onto the palatal spot. These modifications of the tongue posture had effects on the upper airway space. The most important modifications were observed in SPAS, with a significant 5.9. mm increase. Some increase was found also for MAS (0.83. mm) and IAS (1.1. mm) but without statistical significance. A significant increase (7.75. mm) was also found for VAL, probably as a result of the augmentation of posterior facial height. Conclusions: SOCIA appliance is capable to improve tongue position and the superior posterior airway space, and, consequently, to improve deglutition, phonation and respiratory function.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11369/277766
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