The aim of the study was to examine the relationships among body image, perception of physical abilities, and motor performance in boys involved in organized individual (i.e. tennis, fencing, judo) and team (i.e. soccer, handball, volleyball) sports. Altogether, 162 children (12.6+1.0 years) were categorized as normal-weight (n¼85) or overweight (n¼77). Body image was measured using Collins’ Child Figure Drawings, while individuals’ perceptions of strength, speed, and agility were assessed using the Perceived Physical Ability Scale. Fitness tests of the standing long jump, 20 m sprint, and 1065m shuttle-run were also administered. Overweight boys showed greater body dissatisfaction and lower actual physical abilities than normal-weight peers. Participants involved in team sports reported lower body dissatisfaction and better performances in the shuttle-run compared with those involved in individual sports. For boys participating in team sports, body dissatisfaction was a signiﬁcant mediator of the effect of body mass index on perceived physical ability. Results may inﬂuence intervention efforts, suggesting that targeting personal, psychological, and physical factors may prove efﬁcient across physical activity locations and weight groups.
|Titolo:||Body image, perceived and actual physical abilities in normal-weight and overweight boys involved in individual and team sports|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2011|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|