Children with 21-hydroxylase deficiency (21-OHD) need chronic glucocorticoid (cGC) therapy to replace congenital deficit of cortisol synthesis and this therapy is the most frequent and severe form of drug-induced-osteoporosis. We found in 21-OHD patients high serum and leukocyte levels of dickkopf-1 (DKK1), a secreted antagonist of the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway, known to be a key regulator of bone mass. In particular, we demonstrated by flow cytometry, confocal microscopy and real time PCR that monocytes, T lymphocytes and neutrophils from patients expressed high levels of DKK1, which may be related to the cGC therapy. In fact, we showed that dexamethasone treatment markedly induced the expression of DKK1 in a dose- and time-dependent manner in leukocytes. The serum from patients containing elevated levels of DKK1 can directly inhibit in vitro osteoblast differentiation and RANKL expression. We also found a correlation between both DKK1 and Receptor Activator of NF-kappaB Ligand (RANKL) or C-terminal telopeptides of Type I collagen (CTX) serum levels in 21-OHD patients on cGC treatment. Our data indicated that DKK1, produced by leukocytes, may contribute to the alteration of bone remodeling in 21-OHD patients on cGC treatment.

High dickkopf-1 levels in sera and leukocytes from children with 21-hydroxylase deficiency on chronic glucocorticoid treatment

DI BENEDETTO, ADRIANA;MORI, GIORGIO;
2013

Abstract

Children with 21-hydroxylase deficiency (21-OHD) need chronic glucocorticoid (cGC) therapy to replace congenital deficit of cortisol synthesis and this therapy is the most frequent and severe form of drug-induced-osteoporosis. We found in 21-OHD patients high serum and leukocyte levels of dickkopf-1 (DKK1), a secreted antagonist of the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway, known to be a key regulator of bone mass. In particular, we demonstrated by flow cytometry, confocal microscopy and real time PCR that monocytes, T lymphocytes and neutrophils from patients expressed high levels of DKK1, which may be related to the cGC therapy. In fact, we showed that dexamethasone treatment markedly induced the expression of DKK1 in a dose- and time-dependent manner in leukocytes. The serum from patients containing elevated levels of DKK1 can directly inhibit in vitro osteoblast differentiation and RANKL expression. We also found a correlation between both DKK1 and Receptor Activator of NF-kappaB Ligand (RANKL) or C-terminal telopeptides of Type I collagen (CTX) serum levels in 21-OHD patients on cGC treatment. Our data indicated that DKK1, produced by leukocytes, may contribute to the alteration of bone remodeling in 21-OHD patients on cGC treatment.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11369/168345
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