PURPOSE: To investigate the relationship between morphologic lesions of the retina and functional abnormalities in patients with Stargardt disease (STGD) and fundus flavimaculatus (FFM). DESIGN. Case-controlled, prospective, comparative observational study. METHODS: A complete ophthalmologic examination, including best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) and optical coherence tomography (OCT), was performed in 61 eyes of 32 consecutive patients with STGD/FFM and in 60 eyes of 30 matched healthy control subjects. Furthermore, fundus-related perimetry was performed in 12 of the affected eyes. RESULTS: The age ranged from 21 to 71 years in STGD/FFM patients and from 21 to 72 years in controls. BCVA ranged from 20/20 to 20/400 and from 20/20 to 20/32, respectively, in STGD/FFM patients and in controls. A foveal thinning was found by OCT Stratus in almost all cases (average 160 microm) compared with controls (average 210 microm) (p<0.001). BCVA impairment significantly correlated to the degree of foveal thinning (r2=0.16; p=0.0014). Moreover, in STGD/FFM patients the authors observed two types of hyperreflective deposits which were not correlated with BCVA impairment or foveal thinning. In addition, fundus-related perimetry revealed a stable fixation in 8/12 eyes, that was predominantly central in only 4 of these eyes. A smaller degree of foveal thinning correlated to a more stable fixation (p=0.0108), even if not predominantly central (p=0.0218). CONCLUSIONS: In this series, lower visual acuity and unstable fixation correlated with a greater transverse foveal thinning. OCT and fundus-related perimetry may be useful tools in STGD/FFM patients.

Correlation of visual function impairment and OCT findings in patients with Stargardt disease and fundus flavimaculatus

PRATO, ROSA;IACULLI, CRISTIANA;DELLE NOCI, NICOLA;
2008

Abstract

PURPOSE: To investigate the relationship between morphologic lesions of the retina and functional abnormalities in patients with Stargardt disease (STGD) and fundus flavimaculatus (FFM). DESIGN. Case-controlled, prospective, comparative observational study. METHODS: A complete ophthalmologic examination, including best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) and optical coherence tomography (OCT), was performed in 61 eyes of 32 consecutive patients with STGD/FFM and in 60 eyes of 30 matched healthy control subjects. Furthermore, fundus-related perimetry was performed in 12 of the affected eyes. RESULTS: The age ranged from 21 to 71 years in STGD/FFM patients and from 21 to 72 years in controls. BCVA ranged from 20/20 to 20/400 and from 20/20 to 20/32, respectively, in STGD/FFM patients and in controls. A foveal thinning was found by OCT Stratus in almost all cases (average 160 microm) compared with controls (average 210 microm) (p<0.001). BCVA impairment significantly correlated to the degree of foveal thinning (r2=0.16; p=0.0014). Moreover, in STGD/FFM patients the authors observed two types of hyperreflective deposits which were not correlated with BCVA impairment or foveal thinning. In addition, fundus-related perimetry revealed a stable fixation in 8/12 eyes, that was predominantly central in only 4 of these eyes. A smaller degree of foveal thinning correlated to a more stable fixation (p=0.0108), even if not predominantly central (p=0.0218). CONCLUSIONS: In this series, lower visual acuity and unstable fixation correlated with a greater transverse foveal thinning. OCT and fundus-related perimetry may be useful tools in STGD/FFM patients.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11369/16285
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