BACKGROUND: The clinical challenge for the application of rapamycin and its derivatives as anticancer drugs is the ability to prospectively identify which tumors will be sensitive to mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) inhibition. The present study is designed to explore mTOR signaling in peripheral-blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from renal transplant recipients with Kaposi sarcoma and ascertain whether it would reflect deregulation of the AKT-mTOR pathway in skin cancer tissue and might help identify which patients would benefit from rapamycin treatment, as well as to monitor their clinical response. METHODS: We measured basal and in vivo stimulated AKT and P70 S6 kinase (P70(S6K)) phosphorylation in PBMCs from 37 cyclosporine A-treated patients, 10 of whom had Kaposi sarcoma, before and 6 months after conversion to rapamycin therapy. RESULTS: Patients with Kaposi sarcoma showed markedly increased basal P70(S6K) activation and depressed phosphorylation of AKT. Long-term treatment with rapamycin was associated with marked inhibition of basal and stimulated phosphorylation of both AKT and P70(S6K), in parallel with regression of the dermal neoplasm. CONCLUSION: Overactivation of basal P70(S6K) in PBMCs from renal transplant recipients appears to be associated with the presence of Kaposi sarcoma dermal lesions; conversely, kinase inhibition is linked to regression of skin cancer lesions. Thus, monitoring P70(S6K) phosphorylation can help predict and monitor the biological effectiveness of rapamycin in renal transplant recipients with Kaposi sarcoma and possibly adjust the biologically active doses of the mTOR inhibitor.

Monitoring antitumor efficacy of rapamycin in Kaposi sarcoma.

RANIERI, ELENA;
2007

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The clinical challenge for the application of rapamycin and its derivatives as anticancer drugs is the ability to prospectively identify which tumors will be sensitive to mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) inhibition. The present study is designed to explore mTOR signaling in peripheral-blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from renal transplant recipients with Kaposi sarcoma and ascertain whether it would reflect deregulation of the AKT-mTOR pathway in skin cancer tissue and might help identify which patients would benefit from rapamycin treatment, as well as to monitor their clinical response. METHODS: We measured basal and in vivo stimulated AKT and P70 S6 kinase (P70(S6K)) phosphorylation in PBMCs from 37 cyclosporine A-treated patients, 10 of whom had Kaposi sarcoma, before and 6 months after conversion to rapamycin therapy. RESULTS: Patients with Kaposi sarcoma showed markedly increased basal P70(S6K) activation and depressed phosphorylation of AKT. Long-term treatment with rapamycin was associated with marked inhibition of basal and stimulated phosphorylation of both AKT and P70(S6K), in parallel with regression of the dermal neoplasm. CONCLUSION: Overactivation of basal P70(S6K) in PBMCs from renal transplant recipients appears to be associated with the presence of Kaposi sarcoma dermal lesions; conversely, kinase inhibition is linked to regression of skin cancer lesions. Thus, monitoring P70(S6K) phosphorylation can help predict and monitor the biological effectiveness of rapamycin in renal transplant recipients with Kaposi sarcoma and possibly adjust the biologically active doses of the mTOR inhibitor.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11369/16137
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