Introduction: External ano-genital warts (AGWs) due to human papilloma virus infection are the most common sexually transmitted ano-genital lesions of viral origin worldwide. Treatments include topical chemicals/drugs, excisional surgery, cryosurgery, electrosurgery and laser surgery. Nitric-zinc complex (NZC) is a new topically applied solution containing nitric acid, zinc, copper and organic acids that induces a caustic effect on condyloma. The objective of this study was to investigate the efficacy and tolerability of NZC in the treatment of AGWs.Methods: Patients attending for AGWs between September 2016 and February 2018 were retrospectively studied. They received at least one NZC application for a maximum of four treatments (V0, V1, V2, V3) with average intervals of 25 days between sessions. Recurrences were evaluated at 3 and 6 months after clearance.Results: One hundred patients (70 males, 30 females) with a mean age of 36.39 years were studied. The total number of AGWs diagnosed at the baseline visit (V0) in all patients was 418 with a mean of 4.18 AGWs per patient. A wart cure rate of 92% was observed in <= 4 treatment sessions (383 lesions cured at visit 4, V4, out of 418 lesions at baseline), with a cure rate of 49% with only one NZC application. Complete clearance was observed in 25, 52, 72 and 84% of patients at V1, V2, V3 and V4, respectively. Relapses were observed in 29% of patients at 3 months and in 5% at 6 months. Of note, patients with <= 5 AGWs at V0 showed better clearance results than patients with > 5 lesions (p < 0.05). The treatment was well tolerated by most patients.Conclusion: NZC has been demonstrated to be effective for AGWs after 1-4 treatment sessions, obtaining a good response from the first application. The better response in patients with fewer warts suggests that the earlier diagnosis is made and treatment started, the better the expected results.

Efficacy Assessment of a Topically Applied Nitric-Zinc Complex Solution for the Treatment of External Ano-genital Warts in 100 Patients

Ciccarese, Giulia
;
2019-01-01

Abstract

Introduction: External ano-genital warts (AGWs) due to human papilloma virus infection are the most common sexually transmitted ano-genital lesions of viral origin worldwide. Treatments include topical chemicals/drugs, excisional surgery, cryosurgery, electrosurgery and laser surgery. Nitric-zinc complex (NZC) is a new topically applied solution containing nitric acid, zinc, copper and organic acids that induces a caustic effect on condyloma. The objective of this study was to investigate the efficacy and tolerability of NZC in the treatment of AGWs.Methods: Patients attending for AGWs between September 2016 and February 2018 were retrospectively studied. They received at least one NZC application for a maximum of four treatments (V0, V1, V2, V3) with average intervals of 25 days between sessions. Recurrences were evaluated at 3 and 6 months after clearance.Results: One hundred patients (70 males, 30 females) with a mean age of 36.39 years were studied. The total number of AGWs diagnosed at the baseline visit (V0) in all patients was 418 with a mean of 4.18 AGWs per patient. A wart cure rate of 92% was observed in <= 4 treatment sessions (383 lesions cured at visit 4, V4, out of 418 lesions at baseline), with a cure rate of 49% with only one NZC application. Complete clearance was observed in 25, 52, 72 and 84% of patients at V1, V2, V3 and V4, respectively. Relapses were observed in 29% of patients at 3 months and in 5% at 6 months. Of note, patients with <= 5 AGWs at V0 showed better clearance results than patients with > 5 lesions (p < 0.05). The treatment was well tolerated by most patients.Conclusion: NZC has been demonstrated to be effective for AGWs after 1-4 treatment sessions, obtaining a good response from the first application. The better response in patients with fewer warts suggests that the earlier diagnosis is made and treatment started, the better the expected results.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11369/426169
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